As of 4 December 2011, admission to the occupation of road haulage operator and road passenger transport operator in the European Union is governed by Regulation (EC) No 1071/2009 . This regulation replaces Directive 96/26/EC as amended by Directive 98/76/EC .
These rules cover road hauliers using vehicles of over 3.5 tonnes (the maximum authorised mass) and commercial transport undertakings operating vehicles with seats for 9 passengers, including the driver, or more.
According to the regulation, operators must fulfill four criteria to access the profession:
A transport manager who is responsible for respecting the road transport legislation in force must be designated by each road transport operator.
National authorities have to carry out regular checks to ensure that undertakings continue to satisfy these four criteria. In order to facilitate the monitoring of road transport undertakings, Member States have to set up national electronic registers which are interconnected (ERRU ) to facilitate the cooperation and exchange of information at European level.
The purpose of these rules is: