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Market monitoring (RMMS)

On 13 June 2014, the European Commission adopted the fourth Report to the Council and the European Parliament on monitoring development of the rail market COM(2014)0353  (The Fourth RMMS Report)

The Report is accompanied by a Commission Staff Working Document SWD(2014)186  presenting an overview of the development of rail markets in EU as well as in each Member State.


Monitoring the railway markets is necessary in order to inform the policy choices both at EU and national level. Since 2007, the Commission has collected data on rail market developments in Member States via RMMS Questionnaires. The data have been collected based on a 'gentlemen's agreement' which means that there could be gaps in data availability as well as methodological discrepancies. Nevertheless, relatively good response rates have allowed the Commission to publish the RMMS reports in every two years since then. The Fifth RMMS report, covering data until 2014, will be published in spring 2016.

The Recast of the first Rail package (Directive 2014/34/EU) finally created a legal base for RMMS reporting and data harmonization. It's Article 15 states that the Commission shall make necessary arrangements to monitor technical and economic conditions and market developments in Union rail transport. This has to include the use of networks as well as evolution of framework conditions such as infrastructure charging, capacity allocation, investments made in railway infrastructure, prices, quality of services, use of public service contracts, market opening, degree of harmonization, licensing, employment and related social conditions. The Directive foresaw that the Commission may adopt measures to ensure consistency in the Member States' reporting obligations. The Commission itself shall report every two years to the European Parliament and the Council on the developments in rail markets.

Accordingly, in July 2015, after thorough consultation with Member States and stakeholders, the Commission adopted an implementing Regulation (EU) 2015/1100 on the reporting obligations of the Member States in the framework of rail market monitoring . The first set of data according to the new Regulation covering the activities of 2015 will be submitted by Member States to the Commission by 31 December 2016.

Earlier RMMS Reports:


DIRECTIVE 2012/34/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 21 November 2012 establishing a single European railway area (recast)

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2015/1100 of 7 July 2015 on the reporting obligations of the Member States in the framework of rail market monitoring