On 21 August 2012, the European Commission adopted the third Report to the Council and the European Parliament on monitoring development of the rail market COM(2012)0459 .
The Report is accompanied by a Commission Staff Working Document SWD(2012)246 final/2 [516 KB] presenting a number of quantitative data on the development of rail market in individual Member States and the EU as a whole.
On 18 December 2009, the European Commission adopted a Report to the Council and the European Parliament on monitoring development of the rail market COM(2009)676 * . The report confirms that, despite the effects of the current economic crisis, the development of a European rail area based on the gradual opening up of the market to competition has allowed a stabilisation of the rail’s share in the transport sector.
The impact of the crisis has been more evident in the rail freight sector than in the passenger transport sector. The crisis is also affecting the rolling stock segment to a greater extent than infrastructure, which is expected to benefit most from the economic recovery measures planned by Member States. It has accelerated the consolidation in the rail freight sector, marked by the expansion abroad of few important groups.
There is also continued disparity between Western and Eastern countries, with rail transport undertakings in the latter group of countries very often continuing to suffer from poor financial health. Recovery of the freight sector will be dependent on the anticipated creation of freight corridors.
The Report is accompanied by a Commission Staff Working Document SEC(2009)1687 presenting a number of quantitative data on the development of rail market in individual Member States and the EU as a whole.
* as amended by the corrigendum adopted on 8 December 2010
On 18 October 2007 the European Commission adopted a Communication to the Council and the European Parliament on monitoring development of the rail market COM(2007) 609 . The Communication focuses on:
- the regulatory and institutional framework created with a view to liberalizing the rail market and strengthening the position of railways as a safe and environmentally friendly mode of transport;
- development of the rail market in terms of freight and passenger transport performance, intermodal comparison and market-opening indicators;
- the financial performance of the sector, including information on the capacity, state of play and utilisation rate of rail infrastructure and on development of the supply industry.
The Communication is accompanied by a Commission Staff Working Document SEC(2007)1323 presenting a number of quantitative data on the development of rail market in individual Member States and the EU as a whole.
On 26 February 2001, the Council adopted three directives to allow a further opening of the European market for international freight transport by rail. These directives are also known as Rail Infrastructure Package or First Railway Package Directives. These measures aim at increasing international rail transport of freight by setting clear rules on e.g. the conditions under which railway undertakings can obtain licences and safety certificates; the framework for the allocation and charging of rail infrastructure capacity; the role and responsibility of Regulatory Bodies in the Member States and the separation of accounts for subsidised and non-subsidised activities. Furthermore, art. 10b (1) of Directive 2001/12/EC provides that the Commission shall make the necessary arrangements to monitor ‘technical and economic conditions and market developments of European rail transport’. Monitoring the railway markets will provide an essential input to the Commission's report on the impact of the implementation in the Member States of the Infrastructure Package. This report was initially due for 15 March 2005, however, the adoption of the proposals submitted under the second railway package, in particular Directive 2004/51/EC, rescheduled this date to 1 January 2006. This date coincides with the opening of the market for international freight transport by rail over the entire rail network in the enlarged European Union: any licenced railway undertaking having a safety certificate for the networks on which it wants to run transport operations can apply for capacity and offer international transport services by rail throughout the EU.