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Policy Reviews

The projects funded under the Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH) programme are policy-oriented. As stated in the specific programme adopted by the Council, "the research priorities will help improve the formulation, implementation, impact and assessment of policy, including regulatory measures in many Community policy areas at the European, national, regional and local levels". This is also in line with the Treaty on European Union (article 179). In order to strengthen the policy relevance of its action, the socio-economic sciences and humanities programme has developed "policy reviews" that represent syntheses of research results and policy analyses and recommendations in selected policy areas across a large number of funded projects. 13 such policy reviews were published in 2007. New European research policy reviews have been published and they address the challenging issues of migration, youth and corporate social responsibility.

Social inclusion of youth on the margins of society - Policy review of research results (1.24MB )

If Europe wants to realise its full potential and provide jobs to 75 % of its working population it needs to use the talents and skills of all its citizens, in particular young people. The policy review 'Social inclusion of youth on the margins of society' looks into the lives and aspirations of young people who face severe or multiple forms of social exclusion, such as young migrants, young Roma, long-term unemployed, homeless youth and young people in public care. It analyses the causes and processes of their exclusion and focuses on policy solutions to break the individual and social glass-ceiling. This policy review summarises the evidence of a cluster of five youth-oriented research projects launched in 2008 and broadens the evidence basis for stimulating inclusive growth in the context of the Europe 2020 strategy and its flagship initiatives 'Youth on the move' and the 'European Platform against Poverty and Social Exclusion'.

Liberalization and Privatization in the EU - Services of general interest and the roles of the public sector

October 2012, written by Elke Loeffler, Dominik Sobczak and Frankie Hine-Hughes, edited by Multi Science Publishing Co Ltd, ISBN 978-1-907132384

This publication gives an overview of the liberalisation and privatisation process in services of general interest in Europe discussing its timing, rationale and drivers, as well as presenting different types of privatisation and the accompanying processes. Then, the publication focuses on the economic outcomes as regards the creation of competitive markets, quality of service, as well as impacts on employment and productivity in this sector. It concludes by drawing implications for the role of the public sector in a revitalised European Social Model.

The Development of a European Identity/European Identities: Unfinished Business - a Policy Review 2012 (1.12MB )

The main body of this policy review reports on a set of recent EU-funded research projects, drawn mainly from the latter part of the Sixth and the Seventh Framework Programmes, all of which explore the issue of European identity. The main body is augmented by an Appendix that provides information about each one of these projects. The Appendix also contains information about other related projects.

Crime and Deviance in the EU - Key findings from EU funded social sciences and humanities research projects
2011, EUR 24858 EN, ISBN 978-92-79-20494-4, doi: 10.2777/63953, 32 pages(2.82MB PDF icon)

In a changing European political landscape, where borders have progressively been erased and people's mobility has become a reality, crime is a fully-fledged European phenomenon, which needs to be analysed from a European and interdisciplinary perspective, within the umbrella of Socio-economic and Humanities disciplines.

Crime statistics must be the starting point of evidence based policy making. Access to existing data should be improved for researchers and citizens alike and shared on information platforms suitable for substantive and comparative analysis. Comparative crime research at EU level has not achieved maturity yet. Data integration should be substantially updated to improve the evaluation of measures to meet EU and national goals of protecting freedom, justice and security. New indicators need to be developed and crime policies need to be assessed against criteria of public confidence in justice, instead of mainly crime control.

The European Commission has funded several research projects in the field of Crime and Deviance, through the Socio-Economic Sciences and Humanities Programme, within the 6th and 7th Framework programme for Research and Technological Development.

This policy review summarises main findings of those projects, with the aim of providing a useful tool for policy makers, practitioners as well as researchers in the field of crime and deviance.

Why socio-economic inequalities increase? Facts and policy responses in Europe
2010, EUR 24471 EN, ISBN 978-92-79-16343-2, doi: 10.2777/94928, 50 pages (3.21MB PDF icon)

There is now compelling scientific evidence that since the mid-1970s socio-economic inequalities have greatly increased in the world and also in Europe. What the research in Social Sciences and the Humanities clearly show is that countries with higher socio-economic inequalities also experience more acute socio-economic problems - whether we are speaking about lower economic growth, more violence, poorer educational achievements, lower civic or electoral participation or higher mortality rates. At the same time, we have experienced sustained economic growth since the 1980s. This means that the kind of growth experienced over the last decades fosters inequalities and, with them, all the social and economic evils that strike the European Union and weaken it as a model for progress and well-being. The way forward is a new socio-ecological model which will have the European democratic values of equity and progress at its heart and make sure that socio-economic inequalities will decline and soon.

Towards greater corporate responsibility - Conclusions of EU-funded research
Brussels, 2009, EUR 24168, ISBN 978-92-79-13819-5; doi 10.2777/7; ISSN 1018-5593; 64 p. (4.3MB PDF icon)

This publication examines the results of socio-economic research projects on Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) funded under the European Union's Sixth Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. In this review, the research carried out is put in the context of developing the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility as well as the evolving European Union policy in this area. As the document analyses different aspects of the issue, from strategies through instruments to outcomes in a comprehensive way, identifying also knowledge gaps and possible future trends, it should provide informative reading to all parties interested in the topic.

European Research on Youth - Supporting young people to participate fully in society - The contribution of European Research
Brussels, 2009, EUR 23863, ISBN 978-92-79-11450-2, ISSN 1018-5593, DOI 10.2777/4263, 76 p. (2.7MB PDF icon)

This publication examines the results of youth-related socio-economic research projects funded under Research Framework Programmes. This review of projects focused on youth and how to best ensure their transition into working life, on strategies for social inclusion of young people and on their full participation as citizens in society. Its main purpose is to distil some common themes which recur in the projects and which are of interest to policy-makers. On the basis of this evidence, concrete recommendations are made to policy-makers as well as to those working with young people..

Moving Europe - EU research on migration and policy needs
Brussels, 2009, EUR 23859, ISBN 978-92-79-09698-3, DOI 10.2777/58809, ISSN 1018-9593, 48 p. (817KB PDF icon)

Demography, migration, integration and social cohesion are key topics for the present and future of the European Union. Research in relation to these issues is a core part of the European Seventh Research Framework Programme, theme Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH). This report presents a brief description of the projects focusing in the area of migration and integration of migrants funded in the last five years, their main findings and relevance for European policy making.