The raised profile of this potential solution is due in part to the outstanding results of the CASTOR project, which include the world’s largest carbon capture pilot facility. Among the achievements of this first-of-a-kind plant, located in Denmark, was a demonstration of the possibility of capturing 90 % of the CO2 that would normally be released into the atmosphere from a coal-fired plant.
Generally, the amount of CO2 taken out of the atmosphere by plants and other natural carbon sinks such as oceans is roughly equivalent to the amount put into the atmosphere by respiration and decay. But this delicate balance is upset when additional CO2 makes its way into the atmosphere due to human activities such as emissions. One of the conclusions of the European Research Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica (EPICA) was that the global atmospheric concentration of CO2 has increased by 30 % since the industrial revolution.READ MORE