European Open Science Cloud
20 June 2016 – first draft report from the High Level Expert Group
The Commission High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud (HLEG EOSC) has drafted their first report, which the Commission will publish shortly after the summer.
Enquiries can be made directly to members of the HLEG EOSC and/or to the Commission at RTD-EOSC@ec.europa.eu.
19 April 2016 – European Open Science Cloud
Giving a major boost to Open Science in Europe, the Commission today presented its blueprint for cloud-based services and world-class data infrastructure to ensure science, business and public services reap benefits of big data revolution.
By bolstering and interconnecting existing research infrastructure, the Commission plans to create a new European Open Science Cloud that will offer Europe's 1.7 million researchers and 70 million science and technology professionals a virtual environment to store, share and re-use their data across disciplines and borders. This will be underpinned by the European Data Infrastructure, deploying the high-bandwidth networks, large scale storage facilities and super-computer capacity necessary to effectively access and process large datasets stored in the cloud.
- Read the Press Release here
- Read the Communication: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe
With the adoption of the Digital Single Markets strategy on 6 May 2015, the Commission announced the launch of a cloud for research data – the ‘research open science cloud'. The 'European Open Science Cloud' aims to create a trusted environment for hosting and processing research data to support EU science in its global leading role.
Commissioner Moedas first flagged the initiative at the ERA of Innovation Conference, in June 2015. In a joint blog post, Commissioners Oettinger and Moedas further explained that the initiative 'will combine existing and future data infrastructures, offering secure and seamless access to European researchers for storing, managing and processing data from different sources'.
In his a speech at the Franco-German Conference on Digital (27 October 2015) President Juncker supported a 'nuage européen pour la recherche consacrée à la science ouverte … Notre ambition est de doter l'Europe de capacités techniques puissantes en termes d'infrastructures, de procès, d'analyse et de stockage des données. Seules les données qui seront traitées de façon performante et sûre créeront de la richesse pour notre société'.
The Commission appointed a High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud to advise on the scientific services to be provided on the cloud and on its governance structure.
The initiative reinforces Open Science, Open Innovation and Open to the world policies. It will foster best practices of global data findability and accessibility (FAIR data), help researchers get their data skills recognised and rewarded (careers, altmetrics); help address issues of access and copyright (IPR) and data subject privacy; allow easier replicability of results and limit data wastage e.g. of clinical trial data (research integrity); contribute to clarification of the funding model for data generation and preservation, reducing rent-seeking and priming the market for innovative research services e.g. advanced TDM (new business models).
>> Policy context of the EOSC
The European Council and Member States welcomed the initiative in the Conclusions on 'Open, data-intensive and networked research as a driver for faster and wider innovation', adopted at the Competitiveness Council of 28-29 May 2015. Among various conclusions supporting the building blocks of the EOSC, they contain clear indication of support:
6a. RECOGNISES the importance of long term sustainability of database infrastructure and availability of secure, reliable and high-quality cloud-based services, and UNDERLINES the importance of being able to store and process in Europe research data produced in the Member States; in this context WELCOMES the further development of a European Open Science Cloud that will enable sharing and re-use of research data across disciplines and borders, taking into account relevant legal, security and privacy aspects;
The European Parliament also called on the Commission to move ahead with the initiative. The Parliament adopted a REPORT on 'Towards a Digital Single Market Act', in the plenary vote of 19 January 2016. In point 124, the Committee deals directly and positively with the European Open Science Cloud:
Is concerned that cloud infrastructures for researchers and universities are fragmented; calls on the Commission, in cooperation with all relevant stakeholders, to set up an action plan to lead to the establishment of the European Open Science Cloud by the end of 2016, which should seamlessly integrate existing networks, data and high-performance computing systems and e-infrastructure services across scientific fields, within a framework of shared policies, standards and investments; believes that it should serve as a stimulus to the development of clouds beyond science, to better interconnected innovation centres, start-up ecosystems, and improved cooperation between universities and industry in commercialising technology, in compliance with relevant confidentiality rules, and to facilitating international coordination and cooperation in this field;
Indeed, the initiative is part of Europe’s ambition to support the transition to Open Science in the context of the Digital Single Market; it aims to meet an urgent and specific need of the scientific community to boost data access and re-use and to reduce the cost of data storage and high-performance analysis by pooling existing capacity and by aggregating demand (initially by researchers in the public sector).
- Communication: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe (19 April 2016)
- Open Research Data: Uptake of the pilot in the first calls of Horizon 2020
- NPR Report 1.1 MB
- Background paper on the Public Consultation "Science 2.0: Science in transition" 134 KB
- Final report on the Public Consultation "Science 2.0: Science in transition" 633 KB
- Open Science in 2030 937 KB
- Salmi, J., Study on Science 2.0, (July 2015) 1.1 MB
- Crouzier, T., Science Ecosystem 2.0: how will change occur?, (July 2015) 1.3 MB
26-27 September 2016, Seville, Spain - Applied RDI – making innovation happen!
Focus on past events
4-5 April 2016, Amsterdam - Open Science Conference
5 February 2016, Rome - European Open Science Cloud for Research (EOSC) Workshop
20 January 2016, Heidelberg - Helix Nebula Open Day Event: Towards the European Open Science Cloud