Open Science

This is the ongoing transition in how research is performed and how knowledge is shared. News, events, publications related to Open Science

European Commission awards contract for setting up an open access publishing platform

The European Commission has awarded a contract for the setting up of an open access publishing platform for scientific articles as a free service for Horizon 2020 beneficiaries. The launch of the ambitious EU open access initiative is planned for early 2021.

The platform will be a peer-reviewed publishing service to support Horizon 2020 and Horizon Europe beneficiaries to publish their research in open access free of charge.

Open Science, Open Data, and Open Scholarship: European Policies to Make Science Fit for the Twenty-First Century

Open science will make science more efficient, reliable, and responsive to societal challenges. The European Commission has sought to advance open science policy from its inception in a holistic and integrated way, covering all aspects of the research cycle from scientific discovery and review to sharing knowledge, publishing, and outreach. Jean-Claude Burgelman et al present in this publication the steps taken with a forward-looking perspective on the challenges laying ahead, in particular the necessary change of the rewards and incentives system for researchers (for which various actors are co-responsible and which goes beyond the mandate of the European Commission). Finally, we discuss the role of artificial intelligence (AI) within an open science perspective.

EU could save €10.2 billion per year by using FAIR data. Which funding and business models can make FAIR data sustainable?

The European Commission has published two reports based on the study "Cost-benefit analysis of FAIR research data", which was conducted for the Commission by PricewaterhouseCoopers.

The report Cost of not having FAIR research data aims to provide an estimate for the EU economy based on a series of indicators extracted from previous studies and analysed via interviews with subject matter experts. Using quantitative methodology and very conservative assumptions, the analysis shows that the minimum cost for the EU is €10.2 billion per year, which will increase over the years if we do not take action.

The report Policy recommendations provides evidence to decision makers for setting up short- and long-term actions pertinent to the practical implementation of FAIR principles. It formulates 36 policy recommendations for cost-effective funding and business models to make the FAIR data model sustainable.

The reports are intended primarily for policymakers and research-funding organisations that have already started to invest in the implementation of the FAIR principles. The guidance provided in them will ensure the sustainable financing of FAIR model implementation in the context of the European Open Science Cloud.

New report of the expert group on the future of scholarly publishing and scholarly communication

The report proposes a vision with researchers at its centre and considers knowledge and understanding created by researchers as public goods. It examines the roles of the main actors in the system and puts forward recommendations addressed to each of them. research evaluation is viewed as a cornerstone of scholarly communication, affecting all actors, as well as the primary focus for improvement in view of implementing the proposed vision.

Appointments of members of the expert group the Executive board of the EOSC

An independent Identification Committee, as foreseen in Decision C(2018) 5552, have selected a shortlist of individual experts and organisations from the list of applications received.

The reports "Prompting an EOSC in practice" and "Turning FAIR into reality" have been published

In the perspective of the launch of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) implementation phase 2018-2020, two important reports are being published by the Commission that constitute major sources of strategic orientations and concrete actions for the new EOSC governance structure:

The report of the National Points of Reference (NPR report) has been published

The report, published in June 2018, consolidates and presents the information reported by Member States in 2017 regarding their progress in implementing the 2012 Recommendation on open access to and preservation of scientific information for the period 2014-2016. The report shows that Member States are consistently working on open access to and preservation of scientific information, albeit with varying levels of intensity. Overall, quantitative and qualitative input provided by Member States suggests that open access and open science are consistently included in national research agendas in the EU.

The Recommendation on access to and preservation to scientific information has been revised and is now available in all EU languages

The 2012 Recommendation on access to and preservation of scientific information (2012/417/EU) was part of a package that outlined measures to improve access to scientific information produced in Europe and to bring them in line with the Commission's own policy for Horizon 2020. Although still considered a very valuable and impactful tool for policymaking, the Recommendation has been revised in the context of the recast of the Public Sector Information Directive (PSI) to reflect developments in practices and policies in open science and in view of the preparation of the next Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (Horizon Europe).

The new Recommendation C(2018)2375, adopted on April 25th 2018, now explicitly reflects developments in areas such as research data management (including the concept of FAIR data i.e. data that is Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usable), Text and Data Mining (TDM) and technical standards that enable re-use incentive schemes. It reflects ongoing developments at the EU level of the European Open Science Cloud, and it more accurately takes into account the increased capacity of data analytics of today and its role in research. It also clearly identifies as two separate points the issue of reward systems for researchers to share data and commit to other open science practices on the one hand, and skills and competences of researchers and staff from research institutions on the other hand.