Open Science

This is the ongoing transition in how research is performed and how knowledge is shared. News, events, publications related to Open Science

Implementation Roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud

The Commission adopted on 14 March 2018 the Implementation Roadmap for the European Science Cloud  PDF icon 987 KB (SWD(2018)83).

Overall, the document presents the results and available evidence from an extensive and conclusive consultation process that started with the publication of the Communication: European Cloud initiative (COM(2016)178) in April 2016.

The consultation upheld the intervention logic presented in the Communication, to create a fit for purpose pan-European federation of research data infrastructures, with a view to moving from the current fragmentation to a situation where data is easy to store, find, share and re-use.

On the basis of the consultation, the implementation Roadmap gives and overview of six actions lines for the implementation of the EOSC:

a) architecture, b) data, c) services, d) access & interfaces, e) rules and f) governance.

Specifically regarding the latter, the Roadmap presents a governance framework and a governance structure that emerged from the consultation, as a basis for further discussion with Member States. This was foreseen explicitly by the Communication.

The document describes the measures taken under Horizon 2020 Work Programmes to start implementing the EOSC. The financing of the EOSC is secured until 2020 through the Horizon 2020 Work Programme (including €300 million to support the development of the EOSC federating core and open FAIR data pilot), and based on the additional commitments of stakeholders responding to the EOSC Summit Declaration.

The document also specifies the link to the European Data Infrastructure, underpinning high-capacity cloud solutions with super-computing capacity, as well as widening the EOSC by gradually opening up its user base to the public sector and industry.

Today, the document is presented and discussed with the Research Working Party of the Council, with a view of finalising the governance framework for the initiative in the earnest.

Overall, the document will serve as a basis for further consultation with Member States, the European Parliament and other relevant stakeholders on the next steps to take. The EOSC has emerged as a clear policy priority for European research and innovation. It has been strongly supported by the European scientific community in the EOSC Summit and Declaration, by the Council in Council Conclusions (May 2016) and by a European Parliament Resolution (January 2017). It also received favourable opinions from the Economic and Social Committee (September 2016) and from the Committee of the Regions (October 2016).

European Commission Open Research Publishing Platform

The Commission proposes to fund a European Commission Open Research Publishing Platform. The main aim of this platform is to offer Horizon 2020 beneficiaries a free and fast publication possibility for peer reviewed articles as well as pre-prints resulting from Horizon 2020 funding. The attached note contains more information about this action which is foreseen to be launched in early 2018 through a public procurement process.

G7 Science Ministers committed to giving incentives for open science and to providing research infrastructures on the basis of FAIR data

The G7 Science Ministers met in Venaria (Italy) on September 28th and they discussed how the G7 nations could lead efforts to materialise the benefits of the Next Production Revolution. In this context, the G7 Ministers also recognized that technological and societal developments are transforming research towards paradigms of open science. They stressed the importance of incentivising and rewarding Open Science activities and providing global research infrastructures which would allow for an optimal re-use of data on the condition that we can make this data FAIR(Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Re-usuable).

Final report of the working group on ‘Skills’ is available

The report called "Providing researchers with the skills and competencies they need to practice Open Science" is rooted in the policy for researcher career development and (like the Rewards report) closely linked with ERA Priority 3, an Open Labour Market for Researchers.

In the report the working group defined Open Science skills needs for researchers in order for skilled talent to be able to publish under Open Access, to manage (open)data, to conduct professional research and engage with citizen science. From the results of an Open Science survey conducted among Researchers at all career stages, an overview of the current Open Science skills provision landscape is given.

On top, a European Skills and Qualifications Matrix for Open Science is proposed, highlighting the importance of introducing and integrating (accredited) skills training for researchers at all career stages.

The importance of embedding Open Science in ERA policy is treated and the specific cases of the Innovative Doctoral Training Principles and the European Framework for Research Careers are presented.

The report will be discussed at the Open Science Policy Platform meeting on 13 October 2017.

Final report of the working group on ‘Rewards’ is available

The approach of the working group is firmly rooted in the context of researcher career development and closely linked with ERA Priority 3, an Open Labour Market for Researchers. The report provides information on OS in relation to ERA policy, researcher assessment and career framework, describing different aspects of OS, including Open data, Open Peer Review and Citizen science. The limitations of the current recognition and reward process are presented, with suggestions on how to alleviate these and how new paradigms can be envisioned and implemented.

An illustration of taking a comprehensive approach to researcher assessment using the Open Science Career Assessment Matrix (OS-CAM) that recognises OS is developed. There is a brief analysis of the ERA partnership policies and how OS can be promoted through the Human Resources Strategy for Researchers (HRS4R).

The report will be discussed at the Open Science Policy Platform meeting on 13 October 2017.

Towards a Horizon 2020 platform for open access publishing

In May 2016, the Competitiveness Council Conclusions called for full open access to scientific publications in Europe by 2020.

Wishing to lead by example, the European Commission has already made open access an obligation for its Horizon 2020 grantees. However, further steps to facilitate 100% open access to Horizon 2020 related publications are needed; this is why the Commission has been investigating the possibility to fund a platform for Horizon 2020 beneficiaries to publish open access, additionally to the currently existing options to fulfil their open access in Horizon 2020.

This platform will allow rapid, open access publication of

  1. Horizon 2020 related pre-prints which meet basic criteria on authorship, non-plagiarism and ethical conduct and
  2. Horizon 2020 related peer reviewed articles

Furthermore the platform will contain mechanisms for open/collaborate/public peer review and a suit of innovative ('alternative') metrics (the latter being one of the eight priorities of the Open Science Agenda). Use of this platform will be free for Horizon 2020 grantees.

This platform is thus not intended as a repository but will deliver a fast, cost efficient and high quality publishing service which is fully open and fit for the 21st century. At the same time, the Commission cannot infringe on the scientific freedom of researchers. This is why the platform will be offered as a complementary service and it use thus not compulsory.

The success of the platform will not only depend on the technical infrastructure but primarily on the quality of the scientific publication service provided. An analysis of the tools available to the Commission to implement such a platform concludes that a robust service, on par with the highest quality standards of scientific publishing can only be provided by outsourcing the implementation of the platform through a fully transparent public procurement process. Such an action has therefore been included in the draft Work Programme 2018. The aim is to publish this call, including a detailed terms of reference, in the fall 2017.

New High Level Expert Group on EOSC launched

On 21 June 2017, the European Commission set-up the new High Level Expert Group European Open Science Cloud. Its mission is to advise the Commission on the measures needed to implement the European Open Science Cloud.

The new group, chaired by Silvana Muscella, is composed of ten high-level experts from different European countries and two third-countries (Australia and US). Together, they have a complementary set of expertise related to various key aspects of the set-up of scientific data clouds, including standardisation, certification, procurement, delivery of federated services, business models, management, governance and funding of national and European research data infrastructures and e-Infrastructures.