In May 2007, the Commission adopted the first proposals for Joint Technology Initiatives. It was the first time that public-private partnerships, involving industry, the research community and public authorities, were proposed at European level to pursue ambitious common research objectives.
Joint Technology Initiatives are an entirely new mechanism for performing research at EU level. They are long-term Public-Private Partnerships and are managed within dedicated structures based on Article 187 TFEU (ex Article 171 TEC). JTIs support large-scale multinational research activities in areas of major interest to European industrial competitiveness and issues of high societal relevance.