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Horizon 2020
The EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation.
For more on project funding and the Horizon 2020 Programme, visit the H2020 web site

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 Research Information Centre

Updated: Fri, 21 Nov 2014  

Here are some of the most recent articles to be published. Select a theme or country from the menus on the left to see more articles - or choose Headlines or Success stories from the menu above.

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Photo of a locust
  Car collision avoidance sensors inspired by locusts
Efficiently detecting possible collisions is vital for the locust - an insect that often needs to quickly overcome big obstacles and avoid what might be, otherwise, a 'fatal crash'. The research team involved in the European Union (EU)-funded project NEURAL DEVELOPMENT has studied the insect's nerve circuits. The project results are expected to help develop highly accurate collision sensors in cars, surveillance technology and video games.

Photo of a tsunami crashing a town
  Improved tsunami alert system through international partnerships
Tsunamis are not very frequent events, but they can have a terrible impact on human life and on the economy of a country. They occur as a result of earthquakes, usually at the bottom of the sea. But at present such earthquakes cannot be foreseen.

Photo of a senior woman patient
  Medical engineering: New non-metal 'bone-preserving' hip replacement
Hip operations are one of the most common medical procedures in Europe. But a significant number of replacements fail prematurely due to poor fitting and wear-and-tear issues. New non-metallic implants developed by European researchers potentially offer a longer lasting, less invasive, more biocompatible alternative which poses a lower risk to patients.

Photo from a fashion catwalk
  Tailoring web software to boost the European textile and clothing sector
Some of the world's most stylish, high quality and desirable brands are produced by Europe’s clothing and textile sector, which has struggled in recent years with competition from low cost, labour countries.

Photo of a bull
  Advanced genomics for livestock breeding, health and welfare
Europe is home to a high proportion of the world's leading animal breeding organisations. Research being carried out by an EU-funded QUANTOMICS project is helping these breeders to remain competitive in global markets.

miniature chip
  Smarter is better for systems manufacturers
In the race for new markets, electronics manufacturers have to produce ever smarter and more streamlined devices. An EU-funded project helps companies achieve this more cheaply and with less waste – a boost to their competitiveness.

woman with a grimace on his face
  Researchers document health impact of noise
Policymakers now have tangible evidence that living, working or studying in a noisy environment is not only annoying... it could also have a serious impact on your health, productivity and learning ability, according to EU-funded researchers. They have produced new guidelines to help policymakers address the problem.

eeg scanner
  A vision of personalising medicine for epilepsy patients
EpiPGX is a FP7-funded project that brings together clinical researchers, geneticists and computational biologists from leading centres across Europe to link genomics and treatment outcomes for patients suffering from epileptic seizures. The project, led by Prof. Sanjay Sisodiya from the University College London, UK and running over four years, aims to ultimately contribute to a personalised medicine strategy for epilepsy patients.

volcanic islands
  A quick fix for underground carbon storage
An EU-funded project has demonstrated technology to shorten the time carbon takes to mineralise underground - from thousands of years down to a few. Storing captured CO2 underground is made safer - opening the door to its wider use in preventing global warming.

Photo of a child with an elderly man
  Finding new treatments for phantom pain
The European Union (EU)-funded project PLASTICITYINAMPUTEES has provided new insights into the ability of the brain to rewire its connections following the loss of a hand. The research work is expected to pave the way towards the development of rehabilitation techniques for both residual and intact limbs.

Project Photo
  Tapping into cleaner water
Freshwater is necessary for life, but climate change is adding pressure on this vital resource. The EU-funded PolarClean project has successfully tested new types of materials to remove stubborn pollutants so that wastewater can be safely reused.

Photo of a field with straw bales after harvest
  From agricultural waste to green energy
By far the most heated debate surrounding biofuels is the use of food crops to produce fuel, as the practice increases the competition for land and drives up the price of food . With a decade of research behind it, the European Union (EU)-funded project KACELLE has proven that crops such as wheat and maize do not necessarily need to be used in the increasing demand for energy.

Photo of a child sitting in the forest
  Pioneering research to promote sustainable forestry
The demand for wood products and services is increasing worldwide due to economic and climate policy driving forces. It is therefore imperative for experts in forestry research to develop a common framework which could facilitate interactions between different areas of expertise and the exchange of scientific knowledge.

adults in the classroom
  Imaginative solution to lifelong learning
In today's rapidly changing economy, workers need to upgrade their skills constantly. Such continuous lifelong learning is essential to ensure Europeans have the complex problem-solving skills needed to remain employable and for companies to remain competitive. Backed by some of Europe's top universities, an EU-funded project has launched a free online course to teach these skills. Registration for the first course, which starts on 8 October 2014, is underway.

Mosaic art by children from low-income communities (favelas) in Recife, Brazil
  Sanitation gets social
Teams of social scientists and engineers are studying different areas of Latin America in an EU-funded project to discover how political processes, community engagement and appropriate technologies combine to deliver clean water and sanitation. The aim is to use the research to help deliver clean water and sanitation to local communities currently without adequate access.

Photo of the Prado Museum
  Protecting cultural heritage in Europe
Ancient and historical masterpieces are often exposed to the potential harmful effects of a changing environment or inappropriate restoration and handling. Until recently, the lack of a wider perspective of the heritage conservation activities in Europe, as well as the absence of a universally accepted code as to what constitutes best practice to conserve art and artefacts, have been limiting factors to the development of European research in this field.

Photo of the night sky above the volcano Edna
  Using satellites to get a closer look at erupting volcanoes
A European Union (EU)-funded project has developed a new satellite-based system to collect and disseminate information on volcanoes worldwide. Monitoring and studying active volcanoes on the ground can be difficult, dangerous or even impossible, particularly during an eruption. Without these accurate, real-time measurements, scientists cannot fully assess the hazards posed by lava flows and clouds of gases and ash.

Photo of an elderly lady at the doctors
  Expanding insight into Alzheimer's disease
Chronic neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's, are all characterised by an inflammatory reaction within the brain. Until now, some of the factors behind this reaction have been unclear; however a European research fellow has identified a molecular system that contributes to the mechanisms regulating the progression of neurodegeneration. This could potentially lead to new therapeutic treatments to effectively combat the condition.

Photo of a group of teens holding a globe
  New research to help manage migration locally
In most European countries migration is particularly managed at the national level. The European Union (EU)-funded project, MIGRATION POLICY, has challenged the way in which research on migration studies is almost exclusively focused on national models and perspectives. The Marie Curie research fellow has shown that regional and city authorities are taking more responsibility in managing migration, thus helping change the way Europeans relate to their governments.

Illustration of a ship engine
  Cleaner, natural gas engines for ships
An EU-funded research project has developed a practicable natural-gas fuelling system for current diesel-powered ship engines. The breakthrough is good for the environment and people - while helping the shipping market meet more stringent EU rules on sulphur emissions.

Photo of various plastics
  Building new plastics with smart software
Chemists can help create a wide range of plastics from polymers, which are large molecule strings made of repeated sub-units. When chemists come up with a new idea for a plastic, it can sometimes involve a trial-and-error process of mixing elements in the laboratory. To assist with this, the European Union (EU)-funded NANOPOLY research fellows have developed a new software tool to model the polymer molecules on a nano-scale.

Photo of hand holding pressure gauge for car tyre
  Designing precision gas flows
A wide range of industrial applications, such as vacuum generators and pressure gauges use gas in tiny amounts. These gas micro-flows behave in a particular manner and need very precise controls of flow.

  New test for sexually transmitted virus could reduce cancer risks
One of the keys for treating and reducing the spread of sexually transmitted diseases is accurate, fast and affordable means of detection. This is especially true for the human papillomavirus (HPV), a common sexually transmitted virus that, according to medical researchers, is the leading cause of cervical cancer.

  Connecting scientists and citizens
Communication between scientists, policymakers and ordinary people is never easy. EU-funded researchers turned this on its head by bringing everyone together around one key issue – sustainable water management. This led to concrete recommendations on water management, as well as a blueprint for increasing interaction on local issues that could be applied to other policy areas.

  Building Europe's leading information source for stem cell research
Research on stem cells is providing great hope for alleviating a wide range of previously untreatable diseases and injuries. However, in this rapidly evolving field it can be difficult for patients, teachers and the public at large to find reliable, up-to-date information.

  Climate change: learning from the past to safeguard the future
How much can we really predict about the impact of climate change on groups of animals, plants, and natural habitats? The EU-funded Ecochange project turned to fossil records to investigate how species respond to even minor changes. Scientists can use this research to design ways to protect biodiversity from climate change.

  An eye on Earth-shattering events
The EU-funded DORIS project has developed highly accurate uses for newly available Earth-observation satellite technologies to monitor and warn of potential ground movements, such as landslides, which could save billions in clean-up costs and thousands of lives. With predicted strong market demand, the technologies look set to have a long-term and sustainable impact across Europe.

  Stem cells use 'first aid kits' to repair damage
Neural stem cells – master cells that can develop into any type of nerve cell-are able to generate mini 'first aid kits' and transfer them to immune cells. This is the result of a study published today in Molecular Cell, and led by ERC grantee Prof. Stefano Pluchino, based at the University of Cambridge (UK).

  0.05mm: a new accuracy standard for industrial robots
An EU-funded project brought together industry and scientists to develop pioneering ways for industrial robots to be more accurate, significantly reducing the time and cost of machining processes. Software and know-how from the project is already generating new business for Europe's robotic industry.

  New stent to help lung cancer victims breathe easier
Many lung cancer patients have trouble breathing - and if they can't be cured, the struggle for air can become a relentless ordeal. Pulmonary stents - tubes inserted in the lung - can help. EU-funded researchers are taking this technique another step ahead with a new type of stent designed to improve and potentially extend the lives of people going through the final stages of the disease.

  Multi-country research into smaller and cheaper solar cells
Research and development remains vibrant in the Spanish solar market industry, an example of which is the European Union (EU)-funded LIMA project. The project shows that Spain continues to benefit from the strong infrastructure developed in the country over the last 20 years.

  EU and Russia uniting in the name of science
The European Union (EU) has maintained a very rich scientific and technological relationship with its largest neighbouring country, Russia. In fact, since 2005, both the EU and Russia have committed to creating a 'Common Space on Research, Education and Culture'. The BILAT-RUS and ERA.Net RUS projects are two key initiatives for developing this 'Common Space'. Both projects have strived for durable partnerships and bilateral research programmes between the EU and Russia.

  Increasing energy efficiency in mobile networks
The European Union (EU)-funded project GreenNets has developed a sustainable software solution for mobile networks, cutting energy costs and reducing CO2 emissions.

  Enhancing HIV treatment with more precise patient modelling
HIV is not curable but it is treatable, states Dr Francesca Incardona, CEO of EuResist Network GEIE and research area manager at Informa s.r.l, the SME responsible for coordinating the EuResist project. The thirty-month initiative was devoted to providing better treatment by implementing an intelligent system that uses patients' clinical information together with viral genetic data.

  Smart, affordable robots for small companies
An EU-funded project has developed affordable, compact and interactive robots for small manufacturers-with the aim of helping them cut costs and boost competitiveness.

  Next-generation flame retardants to reduce health and environmental risks
Brominated flame-retardants (BFRs) are chemicals containing bromine that are added to materials such as plastics and textiles to make them less flammable. The wide application of flame-retardants, for example in equipment such as smartphones, laptops and other electronic devices, as well as in special plastics, paints and textiles has grown considerably over the past 30 years. Combined with the increasing environmental impact of these compounds, this has raised potential toxicological and ecological concerns.

  High-tech: a key ingredient for the future of Europe's food industry
HighTech Europe team has created a pioneering network to channel scientific and technological advances to benefit the European food sector.

  Mapping a path to global agreement on limiting climate change
An EU-funded project has mapped the possible outcomes of upcoming global negotiations to curb greenhouse gas emissions-from success to failure. The project's work aims to help leaders achieve a new global pact on how to limit global warming to agreed targets-good for the environment and our future well-being.

  An evidence-based approach to healthcare in Africa
African countries have limited healthcare resources, making it crucial that policymakers use them wisely. EU-funded researchers have helped African governments access the best healthcare research possible when planning for the future and for emergencies.

  From crab shells to raw materials
Crab is a culinary delicacy most of which ends up in the bin. In this edition of Futuris we look at the uses can we find for the hundreds of thousands of tons of crab shells thrown away by European consumers every year.

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