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Graphic element Research > Growth > Research projects > Mobility and intermodality projects > Better mobility for free?
Graphic element Better mobility for free?
    25-09-2001
 

Many Europeans use a car for going to work, shopping and leisure activities. This traffic results in congestion, air pollution, noise and accidents. The EU has financed several research projects on how to minimise the number of car trips without curtailing people's mobility.

Strategies such as better information on available public transport, co-ordination of car pooling and awareness campaigns can reduce the number of car trips. EU research in mobility management has demonstrated and evaluated a range of new mobility management concepts, strategies and tools.

Different mobility management strategies have been demonstrated in a number of cities across Europe. One example is the newly established Media Business Park in Potsdam, Germany. Here mobility management has been introduced in order to improve accessibility by sustainable means. When the Business Park is completed in 2010, it will house 437 companies with 11,000 employees and 614 private residences. An important element of the mobility management project is to make information available about all sustainable modes.

One new measure is a free shuttle bus between the rapid transit station and the Business Park. The fixed annual cost of the service is shared among the developer, the companies, and the local public transport operator. The new system has within 3 months caused at least 7.5% of the car drivers to change their travel behaviour, so that they now use public transport from home to work "regularly" or "frequently".

This and many other initiatives are described in the Final Report of the MOMENTUM project, which can be found on the European Commission's web site http://ec.europa.eu/transport/extra/home.html.

Based on experiences from demonstration projects in a number of European cities, several best practice guides have been prepared. They include a user manual for initiators and managers of new mobility management schemes, and a brochure for policy makers and the owners of major traffic generating sites, such as companies and hospitals. Also a CD-ROM has been prepared defining the different elements of mobility management.

The Commission is continuing to support projects developing the concept of mobility management by in-depth assessment of selected policy options and by demonstrating the feasibility of mobility management in practice. Mobility management is being tested in 30 different settings.

Mobility management directly underpins the objective of encouraging a more rational use of the car, identified in the Commission's recent Policy Guidelines of the White Paper on a common transport policy. This document also highlights the need for urban and land-use planning policy to avoid unnecessary increases in the demand for mobility e.g. between home and work locations.

More information

Other information on EU research on mobility management can also be found on the EU Commission's web site at the address given above.

 

  Further Information and Notes to Editors

Background

The transport research programme forms part of the Fourth Framework Programme, which set out the activities to be launched by the European Community in the field of Research and Technological Development (RTD) between 1994 and 1998.

The transport programme focused on helping to achieve the objectives of the Community's Common Transport Policy (CTP), namely efficient and cost-effective transport networks for goods and passengers while minimising both energy consumption and the social and environmental impacts of transport. The Commission has contributed ECU 270 million Euro to the programme, with further funding (often 50%) coming from project partners and their sponsors.

The transport programme has financed around 280 projects within seven main areas of research: strategic research; rail transport; air transport; waterborne transport; road transport; urban transport; and integrated transport chains. The programme was set up by the former DGVII (Transport), and is now managed by the Directorate-General for Energy and Transport. Altogether 52 projects and concerted actions were commissioned on urban transport research, with a total EU contribution of 45 million Euro.

Under the Fifth Framework Programme, which started up in 1999, transport policy research is based around themes rather than transport modes. The work is covered by the Key Action "Sustainable Mobility and Intermodality", and the European Commission expects to contribute 370 million Euro.
Other transport-related RTD is carried out elsewhere in the Fifth Framework programme - covering such topics as aeronautics, urban development, and new vehicle and information technologies.

The transport programme can only achieve its objectives if project results are effectively disseminated to people who can use them - notably policy-makers, planners, industry and the research community.

Therefore the Commission has funded a project specifically aimed at disseminating information on the transport programme as a whole, supplementing the more limited efforts of each project. The aim is to use cost-effective means of communication to specific audiences in the EU and in Central and Eastern Europe.

The project (called EXTRA, EXploitation of TRAnsport research) has developed an Internet site (http://ec.europa.eu/transport/extra/home.html), opened an Information Bureau and provides complementary activities (newsletters, events) to raise awareness of the programme.

The Information Bureau can be contacted by telephone:
+ 44 (0) 1235 46 42 46,
by fax: + 44 (0) 1235 43 65 51
or by e-mail to: transport.rtdinfo@aeat.co.uk.

It provides printed copies of information on the web site, as well as helping with more general enquiries on transport research. A handy web site user guide is provided on request.

Users are encouraged to register with the Bureau to receive monthly e-mail bulletins announcing the latest information on the web.

The next few months should see a large increase in the volume of results. Analyses will be provided on the contribution of research in developing key policy areas.

See also
Website reveals research results on sustainable mobility
   
Urban transport in a sustainable perspective
More information
Further Information and Notes to Editors
   

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