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Helping policy-makers to revise or fine-tune their policy mix for R&D

The R&D Policy Mix website aims at helping policy-makers revise or fine-tune their policy mix for R&D. Users are guided towards concrete policy mix experiences in EU and other countries.

The "policy mix" refers to the set of policy instruments, which together, aim to influence R&D investments.
There are no “valid-for-all” recipes to build smart policy mixes. However, these pages offer a possibility to learn from available knowledge in Europe and use this in a customised way, according to users needs.

In the R&D Policy Mix website policy-makers are guided towards concrete experiences in EU countries and some other countries.

The R&D Policy Mix Study

Financed by the Research Directorate-General of the European Commission, the study on Monitoring and analysis of policies and public financing instruments conducive to higher levels of R&D investments has been finalised in April 2009.
This study aims at monitoring and analysing policies and public financing instruments which are conducive to higher levels of R&D investment both by the public and private sector, in order to foster the design, implementation and evaluation in the EU of policy mixes which are appropriate for increasing R&D investment towards 3% of GDP.

Country reviews, Case studies and Themes

In this study, country reviews provide a first exploratory analysis of the policy mixes in place in 31 countries and detect most important areas of interactions between instruments as well as new modes of policy governance that are particularly adapted (or detrimental) for the building of policy mixes. A consolidated report provides a synthesis of all the material in the country reviews relevant to policy mixes affecting R&D investment levels.
Case studies conducted at country, region and sector levels analyse policy mixes, in each case viewed through one or more of six lenses corresponding to particular themes or issues of relevance to a greater understanding of policy mixes. Six themes emerged from the work done in the country reviews:

  • Overall governance of policy mixes;
  • The different routes by which policy mixes can attempt to raise R&D expenditure levels;
  • The interaction between the different R&D specific instruments;
  • The interaction between R&D specific and non-R&D specific policy instruments;
  • The EU-wide sector-specific policy drivers for steering a structural change towards a more research intensive EU economy; and
  • Attempts to coordinate specific clusters or packages of policy instruments – 'mini-mixes'.

The R&D Policy Mix study, running from December 2005 to April 2009, was carried out by a consortium led by UNU-MERIT, a research institute of the University of Maastricht in the Netherlands.

The R&D Policy Mix website

All the material has been organised and structured in the R&D Policy Mix website, so as to enable policy makers to quickly identify relevant information and provide some advice for their respective policy contexts. This knowledge management system acts as a learning platform for interested actors, offering a well structured material around key policy mix concepts and questions identified.