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Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive

All electric devices or installations influence each other when interconnected or close to each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, GSM handsets, radios and nearby washing machine or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. EMC designates all the existing and future techniques and technologies for reducing disturbance and enhancing immunity.

The Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU ensures that electrical and electronic equipment does not generate, or is not affected by, electromagnetic disturbance.

The EMC Directive limits electromagnetic emissions from equipment in order to ensure that, when used as intended, such equipment does not disturb radio and telecommunication, as well as other equipment. The Directive also governs the immunity of such equipment to interference and seeks to ensure that this equipment is not disturbed by radio emissions, when used as intended.

The main objectives of the Directives are to regulate the compatibility of equipment regarding EMC:

  • equipment (apparatus and fixed installations) needs to comply with EMC requirements when it is placed on the market and/or taken into service
  • the application of good engineering practice is required for fixed installations, with the possibility that competent authorities of Member States may impose measures in instances of non-compliance.

Legislation

The (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU was published in the Official Journal of the European Union L 96/79, 29 March 2014, and repealed Directive 89/336/EEC as from 20 July 2007.

This Directive is aligned to the New Legislative Framework policy and will keep the same scope as Directive 2004/108/EC.

Guidance

Guides

Issues with respect to implementation are regularly considered.

Working Party Documents

The Working Party (EMC WP) deals with general policy issues related to the management and implementation of the Directive. It is chaired by the Commission and involves Member States, Standardisers, Notified Bodies, Industry and other interested parties. EMC WP Documents are not legally binding. They aim at clarifying certain provisions or elements of the Directive.

Documents adopted or endorsed by EMC WP:

Standardisation

European harmonised standards are developed by the European Standardisation Organisations (ESOs) following a mandate issued by the European Commission. The EMC Directive also requires publication in the OJEU of the references to these standards in order for them to be harmonised and so provide for a presumption of conformity.

Please note: The next publication of the list of Harmonised Standards (HS) under Directive 2014/30/EU will be published as soon as possible.

In the meantime, based on Article 45 of Directive 2014/30/EU, the current published list of HS with the reference to Directive 2004/108/EC is valid and shall be read as a reference to Directive 2014/30/EU.

Mandates

M/282 - EMC harmonised standards for aircraft and aeronautical equipment
M/313 - EMC harmonised standards for telecommunication networks
M/404 - Harmonised standards according to the Electro magnetic Compability (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC

Notified bodies

Notified bodies are conformity assessment bodies notified by the competent Member States authorities to carry out the relevant conformity assessment procedures on products to be placed on the EU market, according to the applicable EU legislation. See the lists on the NANDO website.

EU Conformity Assessment Bodies designated under all Mutual recognition agreements (MRAs)

The Conformity Assessment Body (CAB) is designated to carry out the relevant tasks defined in the legislation of the third country the European Union has signed a Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) with Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United States of America.

Contact points

Member States have the primary responsibity to implement the EMC Directive. Manufacturers have to give notice of their intention to place certain types of equipment on the market, and market surveillance authorities communicate with manufacturers when they suspect that products do not comply with the Directive.

Contact