As the Floods Directive has now entered into force the implementation of the Directive is starting, and the timetable is clearly set out. The Directive which applies to all kinds of floods (river, lakes, flash floods, urban floods, coastal floods, including storm surges and tsunamis), on all of the EU territory requires Member States to approach flood risk management in a three stage process whereby :
These steps need to be reviewed every 6 years in a cycle coordinated and synchronised with the Water Framework Directive(WFD) implementation cycle. The first milestone will be the development of reporting formats by 2009 and the appointment of competent authorities in spring 2010.
Use of existing flood risk management instruments available before 22.12.2010 fall under specific provisions of the Directive (art 13, FD). Examples of existing flood mapping practices is available in the European Flood Atlas (part of the "Handbook on Flood mapping in Europe") : Coming soon !
To support the implementation of the Directive a Working Group on Floods has been established under the Common Implementation Strategy. The Floods Working Group workprogramme for 2008-9 is expected to focus on three pillars :
The development of reporting formats responds to the requirement of the Directive, and it is envisaged that this reporting will be carried out via WISE (Water Information System for Europe), available at : water.europa.eu Examples of information currently reported to WISE in relation to other Directives (WFD, Urban Waste Water, Bathing Water) are available in the WISE viewer
Further information on the role of information exchange, including some results of this information change is available on this site. The themes selected for further information exchange are : sustainable land use practices, climate change, flood forecasting/flash flooding, flood mapping, preliminary flood risk assessment and integrated river basin management/links with the Water Framework Directive. These themes relate to important.
The management of flood risks is a crucial component of climate change adaptation, and the Directive requires that member States take climate change this into account in the preliminary flood risk assessment, depending on their specific needs.
Other pieces of Community legislation are closely linked to the implementation of the Floods Directive, in particular :
Aarhus Convention and related Community legislation on public participation and the access to environmental information.