Community legislation on batteries applies to all batteries (exception: batteries used in equipment connected with the protection of Member States' essential security interest and batteries in equipment designed to be sent to space).
The Directive aims at minimising the negative impacts of batteries and accumulators on the environment and also harmonising requirements for the smooth functioning of the internal market. To achieve these objectives, the Directive introduces measures to prohibit the marketing of some batteries containing hazardous substances. It contains measures for establishing schemes aiming at high level of collection and recycling of batteries with quantified collection and recycling targets. The Directive sets out minimum rules for producer responsibility and provisions with regard to labelling of batteries and their removability from equipment.
Q&A on the Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC (November, 2012)
Directive 2008/12/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 amending Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators, as regards the implementing powers conferred on the Commission.
Directive 2008/103/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 amending Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators as regards placing batteries and accumulators on the market
Commission Decision 2008/763/EC establishing, pursuant to Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, a common methodology for the calculation of annual sales of portable batteries and accumulators to end-users
Commission Decision 2009/603/EC establishing requirements for registration of producers of batteries and accumulators in accordance with Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council
Commission Decision 2009/851/EC establishing a questionnaire for Member States reports on the implementation of Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1103/2010 establishing, pursuant to Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, rules as regards capacity labelling of portable secondary (rechargeable) and automotive batteries and accumulators
Commission Regulation (EU) No 493/2012 of 11 June 2012 laying down, pursuant to Directive 2006/66/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, detailed rules regarding the calculation of recycling efficiencies of the recycling processes of waste batteries and accumulators
On 26 March 2012, the Commission adopted a proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2006/66/EC on batteries and accumulators and waste batteries and accumulators as regards the placing on the market of portable batteries and accumulators containing cadmium intended for use in cordless power tools. The official publication will take place through EUR-Lex shortly, in all EU languages. In the meantime, the following documents are already available:
Process leading to the new legislation
The Commission Proposal has gone through the co-decision procedure between the European Parliament and Council - you can follow the progress of the Proposal in the Prelex database.
Directive 2006/66/EC repeals and replaces the existing Community legislation on batteries:
Directive 98/101/EC adapting to technical progress Council Directive 91/157/EEC on batteries and accumulators containing certain dangerous substances
Commission report of 2 December 2010 on the exemption from the ban on cadmium granted for portable batteries and accumulators intended for use in cordless power tools [COM(2010) 698 final - Not published in the Official Journal]
Final report of the study on "Comparative Life-Cycle Assessment of nickel-cadmium (NiCd) batteries used in Cordless Power Tools (CPTs) vs. their alternatives nickel-metal hydride (NiMH) and lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries", December 2011 (pdf~13,5Mb)
Final report of the study on "Elements for an impact assessment on proposed options for capacity labelling of portable primary (non-rechargeable) batteries in the context of the Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC", June 2010 (pdf~3,3Mb)
Final report of the study on exemption for the use of cadmium in portable batteries and accumulators intended for the use in cordless power tools in the context of the Batteries Directive 2006/66/EC, January 2010 (pdf~2,7Mb)
Final report of the study establishing harmonised methods to determine the capacity of all portable and automotive batteries and rules for the use of the label indicating the capacity of these batteries by Bio Intelligence (pdf~3Mb), September, 2008
Substitution of Rechargeable NiCd Batteries, August 2000
Disclaimer: Please note that studies carried out for the European Commission contain the results of research by the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission.
Stakeholder Workshop - Study on “Comparative LCA of NiCd batteries used in Cordless Power Tools (CPT) vs. their alternatives NiMH and Li-ion batteries“ (18 July 2011)
Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact BIO IS at:
Tel.: +33 1 53 90 11 80
Stakeholder consultation regarding a review of the exemption of cadmium ban provided for portable batteries and accumulators intended for use in cordless power tools (10 March - 10 May 2010). This stakeholder consultation is closed.
Workshop on "Capacity labelling of portable and automotive batteries" (19 December 2008):