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Urban Environment

Urban Transport

  • Sustainable Urban Transport Plans - preparatory document submitted to consultation

    Following European Commission's commitment within the Thematic Strategy on the urban environment a preparatory document on Sustainable Urban Transport Plans (SUTP) [PDF format 554KB 170KB] including an annex [PDF format 554KB 600KB], have been elaborated by the Environment DG. These documents aim to assist the consultation on the Green Paper on urban transport. Further developments on SUTPs will be undertaken in the context of the Action Plan foreseen by the Green Paper. Comments on this document and its annex can be sent by 15 March 2008 via e-mail to:

    This document and its annex are not legally-binding but represent a synthesis of the information and experience available to the Commission. They are intended as a summary of the current state of the art with respect to best practice on sustainable urban transport which recognises the diversity between conurbations across the EU. They should be seen more as a procedural aid and a summary of the key elements and good practice that could be considered when developing Sustainable Urban Transport Plans at local levels.


    CIVITAS - cleaner and better transport in cities - stands for CIty-VITAlity-Sustainability. With the CIVITAS Initiative, the EC aims to generate a decisive breakthrough by supporting and evaluating the implementation of ambitious integrated sustainable urban transport strategies that should make a real difference for the welfare of the European citizen.

    CIVITAS I started in early 2002 (within the 5th Framework Research Programme); CIVITAS II started in early 2005 (within the 6th Framework Research Programme). Within CIVITAS I (2002-2006) there are 19 cities clustered in 4 demonstration projects, whilst within CIVITAS II (2005-2009) 17 cities in 4 demonstration projects are taking part. These 36 cities all over Europe will be funded by the EU with 100 M € and the overall budget of the Initiative will be more than 300 M €.


    The aim of ELTIS is to provide information and support a practical transfer of knowledge and exchange of experience in the field of urban and regional transport in Europe. It should give the user the opportunity to explore best practices from European cities and regions, to search for specific transport solutions and to be informed about the state of the art in a given transport application. In turn this should help create a more sustainable living environment, one which provides greater accessibility and mobility to its inhabitants.

  • Working Group report on sustainable urban transport plans (2004)

    The Expert Working Group on Sustainable Urban Transport Plans (SUTP) has been set up by the Environment DG in the context of the preparation of the Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment.

    This group was composed of 20 highly qualified experts to obtain a balanced advice concerning SUTPs implementation in all Member States.

    The Final Report of the group specifies some recommendations to the Commission's services. It aims to reflect and summarise the group’s views regarding the specific design of procedures, instruments and measures needed for SUTPs.

    Final report (PDF format 554KB~794 Kb)

  • SUTP efficiency study (2005)

    This study has been carried out on the behalf of the Environment DG to provide an overview of the existing knowledge about the efficiency of specific transport measures regarding air pollution, CO2 emissions and noise. The study has supported the newly adopted Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment and will inform the guidance on Sustainable Urban Transport Plans (SUTP), which is announced in this Strategy.

    Report (PDF format 554KB~4,1 Mb)

    It also provided a data base which should facilitate the search for best practices regarding specific measures and their impact on specific emissions.

    Data base ( ~1 Mb)

  • Study on technical measures on existing heavy duty vehicles and captive fleets (2007)

This project was commissioned by the Environment DG to identify cost effective technical measures to reduce PM and NOx emissions from existing heavy duty vehicles and produce concrete policy proposals for the European Commission to support their use.

Technical measures are defined in this project as technical interventions that lead to lower pollutant emissions per vehicle km under comparable operating conditions, and those identified for detailed assessment included retrofits and cleaner fuels. The project also produced data and scenarios to enable to undertake cost effectiveness modelling of the most promising technical measures, to assess their potential impact and costs.

A wide range of technical measures were reviewed. The review of the technical measures found that the most promising were diesel particulate filters (DPF) for reducing particulate emissions and selective catalytic reduction (SCR) for reducing NOx. The most promising fuels were diesel water emulsion and dual-fuel natural/biogas, although they were less promising in terms of cost effective emissions reduction than the existing diesel vehicles fitted with DPF and SCRs.

Final report (PDF format 554KB ~870KB)

  • Assessment of air quality plans and programmes reported under the EU legislation (2006)

    This report presents findings under the service contract “Assessment of Plans and Programmes reported under 1996/62/EC”, which has been awarded by the Environment DG to the Austrian Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt).

Within this project an in-depth assessment of air quality plans and programmes has been carried out. The study also assesses the difficulties faced by authorities in establishing air quality plans or programmes. One main focus of this report is on traffic-related measures, since highest pollution levels are often recorded at traffic hot spot sites.

Final report (PDF format 554KB ~2,1MB)

Annexes (PDF format 554KB ~6MB)


    EPOMM is an international partnership aiming to promote and further develop Mobility Management in Europe, and fine tune the implementation of Mobility Management between the EPOMM member states and other countries in Europe. EPOMM provides a forum for all those interested in Mobility Management: representatives from EU member governments, local and regional authorities, researchers, major employers, transport operators and other user groups.

  • LUTR

The LUTR cluster links several different projects in the area of sustainable urban mobility, including land use, transportation, and the environment. The common objective is to develop strategic approaches and methodologies in urban planning that all contribute to the promotion of sustainable urban development. This includes issues of transportation demands and related land use planning, the design and provision of efficient and innovative transportation services including alternative means of transportation, and the minimisation of negative environmental and socio-economic impacts.

PILOT is a European project cofunded by the Environment DG, which will demonstrate the preparation of sustainable urban transport plans (SUTP) in four European cities: Braila, Evora, Lancaster and Tallinn. In parallel, building upon the experience of these four cities and relying on experts from leading local authorities and organisations in this field, PILOT will propose tools, guidelines and recommendations for the elaboration of sustainable urban transport plans in other European regions and local authorities.

BUSTRIP aims to develop - in extensive city/peer co-operation - SUTPs in 11 cities and one regional authority in Baltic Sea Region that are on a different stage on their transport planning. BUSTRIP will produce SUTP toolbox of techniques, collecting all the learning experiences and best practice from the partner cities.

The SMILE database is a tool for local authorities to: find in-depth information and to exchange their experience and transfer their know-how, in the field of Sustainable Urban Transport Policies and Initiatives. Other on line SMILE deliverables are the following:

  • Local Experiences Database: A compilation of 170 successful and replicable practices for sustainable mobility.
  • Welcome to 14 European Cities... An Invitation to take Action: A catalogue offering study visits to cities with innovative measures and policies.
  • Towards Sustainable Urban Transport Policies: Recommendations for Local Authorities.
  • Sustainable Mobility for All: Experiences of European cities and towns in designing specific measures to meet the needs of special target groups.
  • Public Transport: A Pillar for Sustainable Mobility: Recommendations on public transport for both local authorities and public transport operators.
  • Guidelines on Noise Abatement Planning Principles: Recommendations for road traffic management at the level of local government.