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Natura 2000 Barometer

The Natura 2000 Barometer gives an overview of where we are in establishing the Natura 2000 network, both under the Birds and the Habitats Directives. It is managed by DG Environment with the technical assistance of the European Environment Agency and is based on information officially transmitted by Member States. It is regularely published in the Natura 2000 Newsletter.

The statistics are provided by the European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity in Paris.

The Barometer

Special Protection Areas (Birds Directive)

Sites of Community Importance (Habitats Directive)

Natura 2000 sites

How to read the Natura Barometer

  • Many sites have been designated according to both Nature Directives, either in their entirety or partially. The figures for the global Natura 2000 sites (SPA s + SCIs) have been obtained by GIS analysis, using the electronic spatial boundaries provided by Member States for each of their sites. The calculation used eliminates possible overlap between Birds Directive sites and Habitats Directive sites.

  • The percentage of surface area relates only to the terrestrial area that has been designated as a Natura 2000 (SPA , SCI), and does not include the marine area. Some Member States have designated substantial portions of their marine waters. The number of marine SPA s and marine SCIs is based on information in the Standard Data Forms (SDF) submitted by the Member States where this is available.

  • Several Member States have proposed large areas including ‘buffer zones’, while others have proposed only the core areas. In both cases, Article 6 of the Habitats Directive applies to new activities, which are foreseen outside a Natura 2000 site but likely to affect it.


New Statistics

Special Protection Areas (Birds Directive)


Special Protection Areas - Update of February 2011

Sites of Community Importance (Habitats Directive)


Sites of Community Importance - Update of February 2011