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Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services - MAES

In a nutshell

The Biodiversity Strategy outlines a number of targets and precise actions to stop biodiversity loss. By mapping out and assessing the state of ecosystems and their services, we can help inform the policy decisions affecting the environment.

In practice

The Biodiversity Strategy called on Member States to map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory by 2014, with the assistance of the European Commission. They must also assess the economic value of such services, and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020 (see Target 2, Action 5).

This specific action aims to provide a knowledge base on ecosystems and their services in Europe. It underpins the achievement of all 6 targets of the strategy and is also relevant to a number of other EU sectoral policies such as agriculture, maritime affairs and fisheries, and cohesion.

A coherent analytical framework has been developed (see first technical reportPDF, 2013) to be applied by the EU and its Member States in order to ensure consistent approaches. It contributes to the ongoing discussion on the conceptual framework for sub-global assessments of ecosystems and ecosystem services under the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services (IPBES). A second technical reportPDF (2014) proposes indicators that can be used at European and Member State's level to map and assess biodiversity, ecosystem condition and ecosystem services.

The third technical reportPDF (2016) is taking stock on Mapping and assessing the condition of Europe's ecosystems: Progress and challenges. The fourth technical report PDF (2016) is on mapping and assessment of urban ecosystems and their services.

All Member States are actively involved in mapping and assessing the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory. At EU level also, a lot of MAES-related activities are supported by the European Environment Agency and its Topic Centres, the Joint Research Centre, Eurostat, DG Research & Innovation.

See update on progress on BISE.

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