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Ecosystem Assessment

Action 5 on Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) under target two of the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy foresees that:
“Member States, with the assistance of the Commission, will map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory by 2014, assess the economic value of such services, and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020”.

This specific action aims at providing the knowledge base on ecosystems and their services in Europe. It underpins the achievement of the other targets of the strategy that relate to improving the outcomes of EU nature legislation, integrating biodiversity objectives into sectoral policies, combatting invasive alien species, and helping avert global biodiversity loss), as well as the other actions related to target two (insuring no net loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services, and setting priorities to restore and promote the use of green infrastructure). Beyond the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy, it is also relevant to a number of other EU sectoral policies such as agriculture, maritime affairs and fisheries, and cohesion.

A coherent analytical framework has been developed to be applied by the EU and its Member States in order to ensure consistent approaches. It contributes to the ongoing discussion on the conceptual framework for sub-global assessments of ecosystems and ecosystem services under the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services (IPBES). The second technical report proposes indicators that can be used at European and Member State's level to map and assess biodiversity, ecosystem condition and ecosystem services.

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Circular Economy Ecosystem services - Youtube Video



On the occasion of the International Day for Biological Diversity on "Island Biodiversity", a High-Level Conference on Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services (MAES) in Europe, hosted by Commissioner Potočnik, was organised on 22 May 2014 in Brussels.

In 2015, all Member States are actively involved in mapping and assessing the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory. At EU level, a lot of activities are ongoing, which will culmulate in the first mapping and assessment of ecosystems by the European Environment Agency and of the trends in ecosystem services in the EU between 2000 and 2010 by the Joint Research Centre.


newComprehensive report exploring four core facets of the ecosystem services concept: Science for Environment Policy in-depth report on Ecosystem services and Biodiversity