Medium-sized woodpecker (L 25 cm), has grey head and neck and black moustachial stripe. Male with light red on crown. Breeds in thick-stemmed deciduous forest, groves, parks and large gardens, often beside streams as well as mixed forest with nearby older stands of aspen. Feeds mainly on ants and other insects. Resident.
Reasons for the need for protection/inclusion in annex I
The Grey-headed Woodpecker has declined significantly in parts of east and central Europe where it is threatened by modern forestry practices resulting in the destruction of old natural woodland and the subsequent establishment of coniferous stands. High levels of nutrient input (e. g. for agriculture) are believed to reduce habitat suitability for ants.
yellow = summer visitor
green = resident
blue = winter visitor
16,000 / 50,000 pairs
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