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Wild Relatives Status

These summary statistics and analyses are based on the European vascular plant dataset published in November 2011.

Out of the 591 CWR species for which regional assessments were carried out, 19 were assessed as Not Applicable, either due to their marginal occurrence in Europe or because they were introduced after AD 1500. The status of the remaining species was assessed at two regional levels: geographical Europe (572 species) and the EU 27 (521 species). At the European level, at least 11.5% of the species are considered as threatened, with at least 3.3% of them being Critically Endangered, 4.4% Endangered and 3.8% Vulnerable – a further 4.5% of the species are classified as Near Threatened.

Within the EU 27, at least 10.5% of the CWR species assessed are threatened, of which at least 3.5% are Critically Endangered, 3.3% Endangered and 3.8% Vulnerable – in addition, 4.0% of the species are considered as Near Threatened. One species, Allium jubatum, is Regionally Extinct within Europe and the EU; it is native to Asiatic Turkey and Bulgaria, but has not been found in Bulgaria since its original collection in 1844.

Summary of numbers of selected European CWR species within each category of threat
IUCN Red List categories No. species Europe (no. endemic species) No. species EU 27 (no. endemic species)*
Extinct (EX) 0 0
Extinct in the Wild (EW) 0 0
Regionally Extinct (RE) 1 (0) 1 (0)
THREATENED
CATEGORIES
Critically Endangered (CR) 19 (18) 18 (17)
Endangered (EN) 22 (18) 17 (13)
Vulnerable (VU) 25 (16) 20 (15)
  Near Threatened (NT) 26 (13) 21 (11)
Least Concern (LC) 313 (45) 305 (27)
Data Deficient (DD) 166 (78) 139 (45)
Total number of species assessed 572 (188) 521 (128)

*This table does not include the Not Applicable species in Europe and/or the EU (species introduced after AD 1500 or species of marginal occurrence). For the EU 27 assessment the Not Evaluated species (species which do not occur in the EU) are also excluded.

Red List status of CWR in Europe

Red List status of CWR in Europe
Red List status of CWR in Europe
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Red List status of CWR in the EU 27
Red List status of CWR in the EU 27
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Status by taxonomic group

The Red List status of the selected European CWR species by crop gene pool/group and the percentages of species assessed as threatened are shown below. Crop gene pools/complexes that show concerning levels of threats are sugarbeet, brassica, wheat, oat and lettuce as these are highly economically important crops in Europe which have a relatively large proportion of their gene pools native to the region.

Red List status of selected CWR species by crop gene pool/group, showing the percentages of the species assessed as threatened
Crop gene pool/group No. of species assessed[1] RE CR EN VU NT LC DD %
Threatened*
Brassica complex 137 0 11 8 6 7 61 44 18.2%
Onion, leek, garlic etc 115 1 1 1 4 4 42 62 5.2%
Legume forages[2] 89 0 2 3 2 6 69 7 7.9%
Wheat 33 0 0 3 1 1 22 6 12.1%
Lettuce 27 0 0 1 2 3 14 7 11.1%
Faba bean/vetch[3] 21 0 2 1 0 1 17 0 14.3%
Asparagus 19 0 0 2 3 0 9 5 26.3%
Grass pea[4] 19 0 0 1 0 3 14 1 5.3%
Stone fruits and almond 16 0 0 0 2 0 5 9 12.5%
Grass forages 14 0 0 0 0 0 14 0 0.0%
Oat 13 0 0 2 0 0 7 4 15.4%
Carrot 12 0 0 0 0 0 8 4 0.0%
Pear 11 0 1 0 0 0 3 7 9.1%
Cultivated beets 10 0 2 1 2 0 3 2 50.0%
Barley 7 0 0 0 0 0 6 1 0%
Lentil 5 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0%
Apple 5 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 0%
Chickpea 4 0 0 2 0 0 2 0 50.0%
Chicory 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0.0%
Strawberry 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0.0%
Rye 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0.0%
Other forages 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0.0%
Garden pea 2 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0.0%
Olive 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0.0%
Grape 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0.0%
Total 572 1 19 25 22 26 313 166 16.3%

[1] Excluding species evaluated as Not Applicable.

[2] Only species listed in Annex I of the ITPGRFA.

[3] Only species in GP1b, TG1b, GP2, TG2 and five species for which data were readily available were assessed.

[4] Only species in GP1b, TG1b, GP2 and TG2 were assessed.



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