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European Red List

The European Red List is a review of the status of European species according to IUCN Regional Red Listing guidelines. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the European level (Pan-Europe and the European Union) so that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status.

Common Fire Salamander
Common Fire Salamander
Salamandra salamandra
Photo © Roberto Sindaco

The European Red List is compiled by IUCN's Species ProgrammeSpecies Survival Commission and European Regional Office. To date 9,735 species have been assessed on the European Red List including all vertebrate species (mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds and fishes), freshwater molluscs, medicinal plants, dragonflies, butterflies, bees and a selection of terrestrial molluscs, saproxylic beetles and plants.

The assessment of all grasshoppers and crickets is ongoing and will be completed by September 2016. Additionally, IUCN has recently been awarded a project funded by the European Commission’s LIFE financial instrument which will allow for the assessment of all bryophytes, ferns, and trees, a selection of shrubs, saproxylic beetles and all remaining terrestrial molluscs. This project is co-financed by other donors/organizations and supported by the Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic and ArtDatabanken from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. These assessments are set to be completed by 2018.

To find detailed information on a particular species, click the “Search for a Species” button in the top left-hand corner of the page. This website includes background information on the assessment process and methods, along with an overview of the key findings of the European Red List. More detailed results and discussion can be found in the European Red List publications, which can be downloaded in electronic format (see links in menu bar on left) or purchased in hard copy from the European Commission or IUCN bookstores.