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Industrial Emissions

Prevention and control of industrial emissions


Industrial EmissionsIndustrial activities play an important role in the economic well-being of Europe contributing to sustainable growth but can also have a significant impact on the environment. 

The largest industrial installations account for a considerable share of total emissions of key atmospheric pollutants and also have other important environmental impacts, including emissions to water and soil, generation of waste and the use of energy. Emissions from industrial installations have therefore been subject to EU-wide legislation for some time and currently the following main pieces of legislation apply in this field: 

  • Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions (IED): The IED sets out the main principles for the permitting and control of installations based on an integrated approach and the application of best available techniques (BAT).  BAT is the most effective techniques to achieve a high level of environmental protection, taking into account the costs and benefits.
    On 7 January 2014, the IED repealed and replaced Directive 2008/1/EC on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC), Directive 2000/76/EC on waste incineration, Directive 1999/13/EC on activities using organic solvents and Directives 78/176/EEC, 82/883/EEC and 92/112/EEC, concerning titanium dioxide production.
  • Directive 2001/80/EC on large combustion plants (LCP): This directive sets emission limit values for SO2, NOx and dust from combustion plants with a rated thermal input of 50 MW or more. The LCP Directive will be repealed and replaced by the IED from 1 January 2016.
  • Directive 1994/63/EC and Directive 2009/126/EC on petrol storage & distribution: Two related directives aim to prevent emissions to the atmosphere of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by imposing measures on key steps in the storage and distribution of petrol from terminals, to service stations, and to individual vehicles.
  • Regulation 166/2006 on the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR): The E-PRTR gives the public access to detailed information on the emissions and the off-site transfers of pollutants and waste from around 30 000 industrial facilities.