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A number of environmental policy instruments, ranging from mandatory rules to voluntary tools, intend to ensure that European industry works towards a high level of environmental protection, minimises its environmental footprint and increases its sustainability.

Also, resource efficiency improvements, eco-innovation and participation in the transition to a circular economy and in green markets are important drivers of competitiveness and growth for European industry.

The European Commission aims to ensure coherence between and mutual reinforcement of environmental, climate, energy and industrial policies. The environmental element also plays an important role in the standardisation, CSR and SME related activities.