European Contract Law-Common Frame of Reference
The exchange of goods and services is governed by contract law. Problems in relation to using, agreeing, interpreting and applying
contracts in cross-border transactions may therefore affect the smooth functioning of the internal market.
To date the EU has addressed problems in contracting in the Internal market by adopting measures relating to specific contracts or
sectors. This sector-specific approach has, however, not been able to solve a number of problems. The European Parliament and Council have consistently
affirmed the need for greater coherence in order to ensure the proper functioning of the internal market.
The European Commission has undertaken a series of initiatives aimed at increasing the overall coherence of European contract law:
The Common Frame of Reference (CFR) is a long-term project which aims at providing the European Legislators
(Commission, Council and European Parliament) with a "toolbox" or a handbook to be used for the revision of existing and the preparation of new legislation
in the area of contract law. This toolbox could contain fundamental principles of contract law, definitions of key concepts and model provisions.
In the area of consumer contract law the preparatory work for the CFR of the researchers and of stakeholders has already served as a starting
point for the Green Paper on the Review of the Consumer Acquis , adopted by the Commission on
8 February 2007.
Conclusions of the Justice and Home Affairs Council, 18 April 2008
Conclusions of the Justice and Home Affairs Council, 28 November 2008
Second Progress Report on the Common Frame of Reference - 2007
Conference on the Common Frame of Reference and the Review of the Consumer Acquis hosted by the German Council Presidency, 1-2 March 2007
Resolution of the European Parliament, 7 September 2006
Conference on the Review of the Consumer acquis and the
Common Frame of Reference hosted by the Austrian Council Presidency, 25-26 May 2006
European Parliament resolution on European contract law and the revision of the acquis: the way forward
, 23 March 2006
Conclusions of the Competitiveness Council, 28-29 November 2005
Conference on European Contract Law hosted by the UK Council Presidency and the European Commission, 26 September 2005
First Annual Progress Report on European Contract Law and the Acquis Review - 2005
Workshop of Member State Experts, 31 May 2005
First conference of the CFR-net, 15 December 2004
Workshop of Member State Experts on Common Frame of Reference, 3 December 2004
Commission Communication: European Contract Law and the revision of the acquis: the way forward
EC Consumer Law Compendium: a Comparative Analysis and a database of the EU Consumer Law Acquis
The First Annual Progress Report on European Contract Law and the Acquis Review - 2005
(COM (2005) 456 of 23.09.2005) summarises the
progress of the European Contract Law (ECL) initiative and the review of the acquis since the 2004 Communication and outlines the review process. It also
forms the basis for Council Conclusions
adopted on 29 November 2005, which welcome the Review exercise.
The Commission Communication on European Contract Law and the revision of the acquis : the way forward (COM(2004) 651 of 11.10.2004)
outlined the need to improve the quality and consistency of existing Community legislation in relation to consumer contracts.
The review of existing Community legislation relating to consumer protection ("consumer acquis") was first foreseen in the
Consumer Policy Strategy 2002-2006 .