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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Agreement on the international occasional carriage of passengers by coach and bus (INTERBUS)
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Brussels
Date of Signature 30/06/2001
Date of Entry Into Force 01/01/2003
Duration Definite
Objective of Agreement To liberalise access to the market for certain occasional services of international passenger transport in Europe.
Remarks At the end of 1995 the Commission began negotiations with third countries in Central and Eastern Europe on a European agreement for the occasional international carriage of passengers by coach and bus. On 30 June 2001, the agreement was signed by the European Community and by 13 countries: Bosnia Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia, Poland, Romania, the Slovak Republic, Slovenia and Turkey. It entered into force on 1 January 2003 between the Community and the first wave of countries which ratified the agreement. The Interbus agreement liberalise access to the market for certain occasional services. Other non liberalised services remain subject to authorisation; the Interbus agreement will however contribute to a simplification of the procedures that the transport operators have to comply with. The Agreement applies to the international carriage of passengers, of any nationality, and to unladed journeys of the buses and coaches concerned with these services on the territory of the European Union and in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Romania and Turkey. The Interbus Agreement will govern traffic not only between the Community and the non-EC countries concerned but also between the non-EC countries themselves, thus establishing a degree of fiscal, social and technical harmonisation in addition to market access rules. The Agreement also provides for accession, subsequent to its entry into force, by any member of the European Conference of Ministers of Transport, and by the Republic of San Marino, the Principality of Monaco and the Principality of Andorra. It intends to achieve the same degree of liberalisation as that attained under the Agreement on the international carriage of passengers by road by means of occasional coach and bus services (ASOR), signed in Dublin in May 1982 (OJ L 10 of 13/01/1983). The Interbus Agreement therefore incorporates most of the liberalisation measures of the ASOR Agreement while adding social, fiscal and technical measures based on the principle of non-discrimination between the various contracting parties. The principle of non-discrimination on grounds of nationality or the place of establishment of the transport operator, and of the origin or destination of the bus or coach, should be considered to be a basic condition applying to the provision of international transport services. The Agreement provides for uniform models for transport documents such as the control document for liberalised occasional services and also the authorisation and the application form for non-liberalised services in order to facilitate and simplify inspection procedures. Buses and coaches are exempted from all vehicle taxes and charges levied on the circulation or possession of vehicles as well as from all special taxes or charges levied on transport operations in the territory of the other contracting parties. However, buses and coaches are not exempted from payment of taxes and charges on motor fuel, value added tax on transport services, road tolls and user charges levied on the use of infrastructure. The Interbus Agreement replaces the bilateral agreements concluded between the contracting parties. It is concluded for a period of five years, dating from its entry into force. The duration is automatically extended for successive periods of five years among those contracting parties who do not express their wish not to do so.
OJ Reference L321, 26/11/2002, p. 13
Depositary Council of the European Union
Contracting Parties European Community, Bulgaria, Croatia, Moldova, Turkey
Authentic Texts English, French, German
Subject Matters EC agreement
Eastern Europe
Passengers Road Transport
carriage of passengers
international transport
provision of services
road transport
transport document
Management Joint Commitee
Date of Signature 30/06/2001
Conclusion Date 01/01/2003
Ratification Status R
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 3 October 2002 on the conclusion of the Interbus Agreement on the international occasional carriage of passengers by coach and bus; OJ L 321 of 26/11/2002, p.11
Date of Entry Into Force 01/01/2003
Competence Exclusive
Legal Basis Treaty EC: Article 71

Last Update :   10/04/2008