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Summary of Treaty

Official Title Agreement creating an association between the European Economic Community and Turkey - Protocol n° 1: provisional protocol - Protocol n° 2: financial protocol - final Act - Statements
Type of Agreement Bilateral
Usual Title Ankara Agreement
Place of Signature Ankara
Date of Signature 12/09/1963
Date of Entry Into Force 01/12/1964
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement

To promote the continuous and balanced strengthening of trade and economic relations between the Parties and to establish progressively a customs union.


Agreement establishing a customs union and paving the way for Turkey’s eventual accession to the Community. It comprises 3 stages: - a preparatory stage (+/-5 years); - a transitional stage involving the establishment of a customs union (12 years); and - a final stage. The customs union covers all trade in goods including agricultural products. The Agreement covers the prohibition of all discrimination on grounds of nationality (Article 9). It contains many references to the EEC Treaty as the model, for example, for progressively securing (Article 12) freedom of movement for workers (Articles 48, 49 and 50 EEC). The Association Council adopts decisions by unanimity. It has the power to take decisions with a view to achieving the objectives of the Agreement (Articles 22-23). It may set up ad hoc committees (Article 24) and also settle disputes (Article 25). On 30 September 1991, following a five-year gap, the Association Council resumed its activities. A steering committee was set up in 1993, reporting to the Association Council, to expedite completion of the customs union. A Customs Union Joint Committee was created by Decision 1/95 of the Association Council. There is also a Customs Cooperation Committee. Since 2002 Community assistance to Turkey has been merged under a single financial cooperation instrument. The annual allocation for 2002-2006 is in the order of EUR 177 million.

Relation and Association with Other Agreements -Additional Protocol to the Agreement establishing an Association between the European Economic Community and Turkey following the enlargement of the European Union
OJ Reference L217, 29/12/1964, p. 3687
Contracting Parties European Economic Community, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Turkey
Authentic Texts Dutch, French, German, Italian, Turkish
Subject Matters External Relations
Western Europe
Accession Article 28 Agreement
Authentic Texts Article 33 Agreement
Entry into force conditions Article 32 Agreement
Settlement of disputes Article 25 Agreement
Territorial application Article 29 Agreement
Management Association Council
Conclusion Date 28/10/1964
Ratification Status NOT
Conclusion Decision

Council Decision, of 23 December 1963, on conclusion of the agreement creating an association between the European Economic Community and Turkey; OJ L217 of 29/12/1964, p.3685

Competence Exclusive
Legal Basis Treaty EEC: Article 238

Last Update :   09/03/2018