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Summary of Treaty


GENERAL DATA
Official Title International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT Convention)
Type of Agreement Multilateral
Place of Signature Rio de Janeiro
Date of Signature 14/05/1966
Date of Entry Into Force 21/03/1969
Duration Indefinite
Objective of Agreement The 1966 Convention aims to cooperate in maintaining the populations of tuna and tuna-like fish found in the Atlantic Ocean at levels which permit the maximum sustainable catch for food and other purposes through the creation of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).
International organisation established by the treaty International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas
Remarks The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas is responsible for the conservation of tunas and tuna-like species in the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent seas. The organization was established in 1969, at a Conference of Plenipotentiaries, which prepared and adopted the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, which was signed in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1966. About 30 species are of direct concern to ICCAT: Atlantic bluefin (Thunnus thynnus thynnus), skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares), albacore (Thunnus alalunga) and bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus); swordfish (Xiphias gladius); billfishes such as white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus), blue marlin (Makaira nigricans), sailfish (Istiophorus albicans) and spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri); mackerels such as spotted Spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus maculatus) and king mackerel (Scomberomorus cavalla); and, small tunas like black skipjack (Euthynnus alletteratus), frigate tuna (Auxis thazard), and Atlantic bonito (Sarda sarda). Through the Convention, it is established that ICCAT is the only fisheries organization that can undertake the range of work required for the study and management of tunas and tuna-like fishes in the Atlantic. Such studies include research on biometry, ecology, and oceanography, with a principal focus on the effects of fishing on stock abundance. The Commission's work requires the collection and analysis of statistical information relative to current conditions and trends of the fishery resources in the Convention area. The Commission also undertakes work in the compilation of data for other fish species that are caught during tuna fishing ("bycatch", principally sharks) in the Convention area, and which are not investigated by another international fishery organization. The Community has acceded to the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, as amended by the Protocol attached to the Final Act of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries of the States parties to the Convention, signed in Paris on 10 July 1984, entering into force on 14/12/1997. This Protocol amends Articles XIV, XV and XVI of the 1966 Convention and opens it for adherence by intergovernmental economic integration organisations, including the Community. (Paris Protocol: OJ L 162 of 18/06/1986, p.41). The Madrid Protocol, which entered into force on 10/03/2005, having been adopted in 1992, was accepted by the Community on 14/11/1997. Its purpose is to change the way ICCAT is financed by reducing the contributions to be paid by the developing countries and increasing those paid by the developed market economy countries. ICCAT maintains close relations with the FAO. Membership of FRANCE is due to St-Pierre et Miquelon.
OJ Reference L162, 18/06/1986, p. 34
Depositary Food and Agriculture Organization
Contracting Parties European Economic Community, Algeria, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, France, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, Iceland, Japan, Mexico, Morocco, Namibia, Nicaragua, Norway, Philippines, Senegal, South Africa, Syria, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America, Vanuatu
Authentic Texts English, French, Spanish
Subject Matters Fisheries
Regional Fisheries Organisations
Clause(s)
Regional and International Organisation (REIO) Article XIV Protocol
Management commission
EU PARTICIPATION
Date of Signature 14/11/1997
Conclusion Date 14/11/1997
Ratification Status S
Conclusion Decision Council Decision of 9 June 1986 on the accession of the Community to the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, as amended by the Protocol annexed to the Final Act of the Conference of Plenipotentiaries of the States Parties to the Convention signed in Paris on 10 July 1984; OJ L 162 of 18/06/1986, p.33
Date of Entry Into Force 14/11/1997
Competence Exclusive
Voting Right(s)
EC 1 voice (MS are not participating) Article III Convention
EC 1 voice (MS are not participating) Article XIV Protocol
Legal Basis Treaty EEC: Article 43


Last Update :   11/12/2007