The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.
Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.
In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.
Learn more about the EUTF for Africa's activities in the North of Africa region: The North of Africa Window's Factsheet
The European Commission today has approved 3 new migration-related programmes in Northern Africa totalling more than €90 million.
This follows last week's European Council's conclusions in which Leaders committed to stepping up support along the Central Mediterranean route. The new programmes under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa...
IOM, the UN Migration Agency, announced on 13/03 that it has assisted 10,171 migrants to return home safely from Libya with support from the European Union, African Union, and the Libyan Government since the scale up of Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR) from the country started on 28 November last year....
Garyounis is a district with 15,000 people in southern Benghazi in Libya. The terror of the war during the last years is still fresh in people’s memories. Ali Alrayani, 92, has war memories dating back to the Second World War, when he was fighting in the desert.
The European Union is adopting today three new programmes worth over €150 million under the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, directly following up on the commitments made by the Joint African Union – European Union – United Nations Task Force to address the migrant situation in Libya.