ICMPD, Mediterranean City-to-City Migration Project

North of Africa


The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.

Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.

In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.

Check out the factsheet to learn more about the EU support on migration in North Africa:application/pdf EUTF regional factsheet


Selected results*

77 596
Number of people receiving basic social services

30 076
Number of migrants, or potential migrants, reached out by information campaign on migration and risks linked to irregular migration

66 483
Number of migrants in transit and forcibly displaced people protected or assisted

News & Stories

| 08 March 2021

The European Union supports COVID-19 pandemic response in Libya

The European Union’s (EU) €20 million “Protecting most vulnerable population from the COVID-19 pandemic in Libya” (“Salamati” = “My Safety”) programme provides coordinated support to Libyan authorities to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic in Libya. Working in partnership with the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the United Nations Children’s Fund...

| 23 January 2021

Hanaa: a story of women empowerment in Misrata, Libya

The surname of Hanaa in Arabic means “the rich one”. Her smile and her eyes radiate an overwhelming richness and energy, just as her redemption story does.
Hanaa is 33. She has a degree in Aviation, a two-year-old daughter and another new-born child. She had to leave Sudan with...

| 22 December 2020

Rehabilitating hospitals and medical facilities in Libya

The EU-UNDP partnership towards advancing peace, security, human rights and development in Libya has made possible that today 4.7 million people in 29 municipalities across the country have better access to health, education, infrastructure and public services. This partnership has improved municipal and water and sanitation services for over 2...

| 22 December 2020

Supporting children and youth at risk in Egypt

In Egypt, the EU supported “Save the Children” to improve the social and economic resilience of children and youth at risk of unsafe mixed migration in Greater Cairo. Through this project, the NGO addressed the social basic needs of 400 children and youth at risk, assisted 630 youth to develop...