North of Africa

The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.

Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.

In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.


Learn more about the EUTF for Africa's activities in the North of Africa region: The North of Africa Window's Factsheet

Selected targets*

15 015
Number of voluntary returns or humanitarian repatriation supported

64 732
Number of migrants in transit and forcibly displaced people protected or assisted

51 170
Number of people receiving basic social services

23 500
Number of migrants, or potential migrants, reached out by information campaign on migration and risks linked to irregular migration

News & Stories

NEWS | 21 February 2018

EUTF for Africa and UNDP support Libyan entrepreneurs connect to raise their voices

"Young people’s idea of the ‘dream job’ is changing because of the economic situation and the reality they are facing in Libya. They realize that the kind of job they would like to have is hard to get so they conclude that they would rather create that job themselves to...

EU-IOM Joint Initiative - one year on
NEWS | 05 February 2018

Migration management: One year on from the launch of the EU-IOM Joint Initiative for Migrant Protection & Reintegration

With over 3,500 migrants rescued from the desert and 15,000 assisted in returning home from dire situations across the Central Mediterranean routes, the first year of the European Union (EU) - International Organization for Migration (IOM) joint initiative has yielded substantive results. Here’s what we’ve learned.


Main objectives


Operation Pour
NEWS | 23 January 2018

EUTF for Africa and UNDP supporting entrepreneur women in the technology sector

“This initiative provides them with the right structure to scale up their idea and take it to the next level. The participants of this edition have creative project concepts that tackle problems in education, health and transportation among others,” said Murad El-Dahmani instructor at Operation Pour. “With the...

UNDP Ambulances delivered in Murzuq
NEWS | 23 January 2018

The EUTF for Africa and UNDP deliver two ambulances to the municipality of Murzuq

Tripoli - On 21 December 2017, the municipality of Murzuq, located in the south of Libya, received two intensive care ambulances from UNDP through the project 'Strengthening Local Capacities for Resilience and Recovery' (EUR 18 million) funded under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa.

The Murzuq General...