ICMPD, Mediterranean City-to-City Migration Project

North of Africa

38 projects

The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.

Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.

In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.

Check out the factsheet to learn more about the EU support on migration in North Africa:

application/pdf the EUTF North of Africa regional factsheet


Selected results*

30 076
Number of migrants, or potential migrants, reached out by information campaign on migration and risks linked to irregular migration

66 483
Number of migrants in transit and forcibly displaced people protected or assisted

77 596
Number of people receiving basic social services

News & Stories

| 22 June 2021

World Refugee Day: the EU remains committed to supporting the most vulnerable

Since the beginning of 2021, the EUTF is supporting a child protection programme with its partner UNHCR with the aim to improve the protection and expand access to durable solutions for refugee unaccompanied and separated children in Libya an Egypt. It aims to reduce risks associated with secondary movement, trafficking...

EU-IOM Initiative: Histoire ZouberouIOM
STORY | 14 June 2021

Son rêve devenu cauchemar en Libye, Zouberou reconstruit au Cameroun et se relance dans la couture

Zouberou a 34 ans et il est parti du Cameroun en 2014 en laissant sa femme et ses deux filles en quête d’une vie meilleure. En 2019, après une expérience traumatisante en Libye, où il a été emprisonné pendant 18 mois, il décide de revenir au pays. Il sera...

| 10 May 2021

EUTF improves food security for migrants affected by COVID-19 in Libya

The European Union (EU), International Organization for Migration (IOM) and World Food Programme (WFP) have partnered together under the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa to help improve food security for migrants affected by the COVID-19 pandemic in Libya.

Mobile teams started the distribution of ready-to-eat kits to vulnerable migrants...

| 23 April 2021

The EU-IOM COVID-19 programme for North Africa has been launched

The European Union (EU) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) launched on Tuesday 20 April a EUR 7.55 million programme for ‘Regional Response to COVID-19 in North African Countries’ to respond to the emergency needs of COVID-19 affected population and prepare individuals and communities for longer term-recovery.

Funded under...