North of Africa

The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.

Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.

In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.

 

Learn more about the EUTF for Africa's activities in the North of Africa region: The North of Africa Window's Factsheet

Selected targets*

15 015
Number of voluntary returns or humanitarian repatriation supported

64 732
Number of migrants in transit and forcibly displaced people protected or assisted

51 170
Number of people receiving basic social services

23 500
Number of migrants, or potential migrants, reached out by information campaign on migration and risks linked to irregular migration

News & Stories

Enregistrement des migrants volontaires au retour
NEWS | 09 April 2018

Voluntary Humanitarian Returns from Libya Continue as Reintegration Efforts Step Up

IOM, the UN Migration Agency, announced on 13/03 that it has assisted 10,171 migrants to return home safely from Libya with support from the European Union, African Union, and the Libyan Government since the scale up of Voluntary Humanitarian Return (VHR) from the country started on 28 November last year....

eutf-noa-ly-03-garyounis-clinic
STORY | 16 March 2018

EUTF for Africa and UNDP bringing Garyounis Clinic in Benghazi back to life

Garyounis is a district with 15,000 people in southern Benghazi in Libya. The terror of the war during the last years is still fresh in people’s memories. Ali Alrayani, 92, has war memories dating back to the Second World War, when he was fighting in the desert.

...
Joint Operational Committee - 26 February 2018
NEWS | 26 February 2018

Delivering on commitments: new programmes to protect migrants and support return and reintegration in Africa worth €150 million adopted

The European Union is adopting today three new programmes worth over €150 million under the European Union Emergency Trust Fund for Africa, directly following up on the commitments made by the Joint African Union – European Union – United Nations Task Force to address the migrant situation in Libya.

The...

©Habka
NEWS | 21 February 2018

EUTF for Africa and UNDP support Libyan entrepreneurs connect to raise their voices

"Young people’s idea of the ‘dream job’ is changing because of the economic situation and the reality they are facing in Libya. They realize that the kind of job they would like to have is hard to get so they conclude that they would rather create that job themselves to...

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