North of Africa

The North Africa region is characterised as an area of origin, transit and final destination for mixed migration flows from sub-Saharan Africa, West Africa, the Horn of Africa and the Middle East, with some countries of these regions affected by on-going instability and conflict. It represents one of the largest destination regions for foreign labour and is a region of origin for migrants, albeit to a lesser extent. The instability still affecting some parts of the region, in particular Libya, continues to generate irregular movements to Europe, as well as an increase in the number of persons seeking international protection.

Despite the challenges, migration remains a powerful vehicle for development, essential for the long term growth perspectives of Europe and third countries. In this respect, remittances have significantly increased in the past twenty years while new destination countries become strong magnets for students seeking a high-quality education and diasporas' networks a vigorous channel for advocacy, investments, knowledge sharing and intercultural dialogue.

In this context, the global objective for the North of Africa of the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is to contribute to safe, secure, legal and orderly migration from, to and within the region and support an effective management of migration flows that protects human rights. As migration is a complex phenomenon, a cross-border approach is put forward through the different regions covered by the EUTF for Africa to allow the development of joint actions along the migratory routes which concern these countries.

Learn more about the EUTF for Africa's activities in the North of Africa region: The North of Africa Window's Factsheet

Selected targets*

1 170
Number of people receiving basic social services

23 500
Number of migrants, or potential migrants, reached out by information campaign on migration and risks linked to irregular migration

News & Stories

Evacues arriving in Niamey from Lybia
NEWS | 07 January 2019

First group of refugees evacuated from new departure facility in Libya

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, in coordination with Libyan authorities, evacuated  on 06/12/2018 133 refugees from Libya to Niger today after hosting them at a Gathering and Departure Facility (GDF) in Tripoli which opened on Tuesday 03/12/2018.

Most evacuees, including 81 women and children, were previously detained in Libya. After...

STORY | 19 December 2018

Rebuilding Libya means more than just bricks and mortars

With support from the European Union (EU), 26 Libyan women become qualified trainers in Libya’s labour-intensive sewing and tailoring sector.

Monastir, 12 November 2018 –

Today’s award ceremony marks the completion of the training of 26 female trainers in sewing and tailoring, organized as part of the EU and German...

NEWS | 19 December 2018

2nd Steering Committee meeting of the EU Trust Fund for Africa Programme "Managing mixed migration flows in Libya through expanding protection space and supporting local socioeconomic development" held in Tunis

Tunis, 13 December 2018 – On Friday 7 December, Libyan Deputy Minister of Interior, together with representatives of Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Planning and Local Governance joined the Ambassador of the European Union to Libya, together with representatives of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Children’s Fund...
NEWS | 19 December 2018

EU Trust Fund for Africa: new actions adopted to support vulnerable migrants, foster socio-economic development and improve border management in North of Africa

Brussels, 14 December 2018 - The operational committee of the EU Trust Fund for Africa, North of Africa window has adopted four new migration-related programmes totalling €115 million.

The new actions under the EU Emergency Trust for Africa will reinforce assistance to vulnerable migrants, foster labour