Adoption date 06/07/2020

Migration-development nexus: multi-year diaspora engagement for Eritrea

In order to capture the benefits of the migration development nexus, and to harness the available human and financial contributions of Eritrean Diaspora, the Department of Eritreans Abroad, of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), in partnership with IOM and the EU, seeks to establish a long term, sustainable and action oriented approach to diaspora engagement.

The objective of this Action is to contribute to Eritrea's inclusive national and economic development through engagement with the Eritrean diaspora. The project aims to strengthen and expand the Temporary Return of Qualified Nationals (TRQN) project that is currently being piloted, with funding from IOM.

Main objectives

The overall objective (expected impact) of this Action is: To contribute to Eritrea's inclusive national and economic development through the engagement with Eritrean diaspora.

The specific objectives (expected outcomes) are the following:

Specific Objective 1: To improve targeted Eritrean TRQN hosting institutions capacity to deliver services to the Eritrean population.

The expected outputs deliverables or benefits of activities:

Output 1.1 Interested qualified Eritrean professionals in the diaspora living in selected countries3 identified and inserted in a database on a voluntary basis paying particular attention on equal participation of women;

Output 1.2 TRQN promoted in selected countries;

Output 1.3 Eritrean professionals and/or TRQN hosting institutions have enhanced competencies and knowledge to work within the target sector (e.g. education, health, water and sanitation, agriculture, energy, infrastructure, civil engineering, financial systems, information technology).

Outcome 1 will support a TRQN program that will facilitate the voluntary identification, recruitment and voluntary participation of Eritreans abroad, ensuring equal access and participation to female and male experts, to support the institutional strengthening in key socio-economic sectors identified by the GoSE, including education, health, water and sanitation, agriculture, energy, infrastructure, civil engineering, financial systems and information technology. These sectors have been agreed with the GoSE through a preliminary internal institutional capacity assessment conducted by the GoSE, and can be reviewed in the future depending on shared assessments. The institutional strengthening may take the form of (too name just a few): elaboration of policies, regulations and laws; definition of roadmaps to coordinate and prioritize key interventions; establishment of performance management tools to optimize procedures and realize national development plans; definition of systems and controls to foster good governance; elaboration of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), Action Plans, training curricula and guidelines; provision of mentoring, capacity building and advisory services.

The Action will provide a platform for matching the available skills of qualified TRQN to address the identified gaps in institutional capacity of participating Eritrean TRQN hosting institutions. That, in turn, will translate into:

 improved service delivery to the Eritrean population, including focusing on inclusion of women, girls and persons living in vulnerable situations; and/or

 improved governance; and/or

 improved national development. For example, by diaspora experts strengthening Eritrean technical and Vocational Education Training, more women, girls, persons living in vulnerable situations and youth will have skills and better opportunities to find jobs to contribute to the country’s development.

Specific Objective 2: To strengthen sustainable diaspora engagement approaches.

The expected outputs deliverables or benefits of activities:

Output 2.1: Improved Eritrean capacity on diaspora engagement

Outcome 2 will seek to address issues of sustainability through the development of a broader diaspora engagement and outreach approach, including supporting the capacity of the Department of Eritreans Abroad in the MoFA and other relevant institutions, for example the Ministry of National Development, to play a coordination role by adopting and applying best practices on diaspora engagement. Through the Action, the GoSE will also enhance its understanding and capacities to manage, implement and plan diaspora engagement. It is envisaged that this will also encourage the development of a diaspora strategy/framework and/or policy that will guide all future diaspora programming and engagement in the Country.

EUTF contribution

  • EUR 5 000 000

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