The overall objective is to improve migration management in the region, and in particular to curb the trafficking of human beings and the smuggling of migrants within and from the Horn. Tackling this problem only at a national level would simply risk displacing the existing smuggling/trafficking routes: this project will therefore target the entire region, while taking into account country-specific needs and issues.
The programme is co-funded by the BMZ with EUR 6 million
The specific objectives are:
(I) To support national authorities to develop, enact and eventually implement policies, laws, institutional frameworks and procedures for better migration and border management, including on the fight against trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants, in accordance with the relevant international conventions and standards9, and promoting harmonisation and exchange of best practices in these areas.
(II) To strengthen the capacity of all institutions and agencies responsible for migration and border management (such as front-line officials, law enforcement officers, or judicial bodies) notably by training and technical assistance, by improving procedures for investigating and prosecuting cases of trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants; by improving data collection and promoting sharing of information; by supplying government offices and border management posts with essential tools and equipment, and possibly with infrastructure development; by promoting improved coordination between different institutions and agencies involved.
(III) To identify, assist and provide protection for victims of trafficking in human beings and vulnerable smuggled migrants, especially women and children and other vulnerable groups.
(IV) To raise awareness of the dangers of irregular migration and the benefits of alternative options.
Witnesses are essential for the success or failure of a case. When it comes to human trafficking, most of the victims are migrants who travel irregularly, without visa or papers, in search of a better job and life. Those that receive much-needed assistance and protection are more likely to cooperate with law enforcement, which can bring their perpetrators to justice.
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