The EUTF for Africa focuses on migration and mobility as key areas of cooperation for the EU and its Southern neighbours. Our priorities include ensuring protection for those in need and tackling common challenges, such as reducing the root causes of irregular migration and combating smuggling and trafficking in human beings. At the same time, we see enhanced mobility – especially for education, scientific, cultural, training and professional purposes – as essential to the relationship between the EU and its partner countries.

The regions in which we work – the Sahel and Lake Chad, the Horn of Africa and some parts of North Africa – struggle with varied and continued challenges. These range from extreme poverty, a lack of resilience to food and nutrition crises and/or environmental shocks and stresses, high demographic growth, weak social and economic infrastructure, institutional fragility and governance difficulties, to lawlessness, insecurity, or intra- or inter-state tensions, and in some cases open conflict, terrorism or violent extremism. Many of these challenges have prompted or forced millions of people to seek protection elsewhere, whether to a different region or beyond their countries' borders. Others have opted to irregularly migrate, often falling prey to migrant smuggling and human trafficking networks taking advantage of conducive conditions caused by instability.


Our Strategic lines of action

The EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa has four lines of action, common to the three regions, as set out in our Strategic orientation document.


Principles of intervention

The EUTF for Africa’s interventions are based on an integrated and evidence-driven approach. We coordinate our work with regional, national and local actors, as well as with the actions of other donor, in line with relevant EU and African strategic frameworks and action plans.


What guides our intervention? 

  • Strategic and efficient processes: our actions are embedded in political dialogues with partner countries, with specific policy approaches elaborated for each region to respond to particular challenges.
  • Local ownership and partnership: our programmes respond to the needs of partner countries' governments and beneficiary communities, with both being fully involved in each step of our programmes, from identifying programmes based on dialogue with relevant authorities and other stakeholders, to guiding implementation at local level underpinned by an in-depth understanding of local contexts.
  • Speed and flexibility:  we ensure swift and timely implementation of actions on the ground, and adjust programmes where necessary to adapt to evolving dynamics or unforeseen circumstances.
  • Holistic, integrated and coordinated approach: we aim to achieve maximum impact and to build the resilience of vulnerable groups, through a balanced and varied portfolio of programmes across a range of sectors, coordinated with responses from other humanitarian, development, governmental and private sector actors.
  • Do no harm: our programmes pursue a conflict-sensitive approach in the design, implementation and evaluation of interventions, thus minimising any unintended negative consequences, and maximising efforts towards peace and stability.
  • Strong research and analysis: we underpin our interventions with a solid evidence base, allowing us to understand the context in which we work and to inform our decisions, for instance in areas affected by or at risk of conflict or forced displacement, where trafficking and smuggling occur, or where social services and opportunities are lacking, as well as to find the most suitable implementing partners at local, national, regional and international levels.
  • Complementarity with and subsidiarity to other EU instruments and tools and/or donor interventions: our work aims to cover geographic and thematic gaps which are not covered by other instruments or other development partners, including EU Member States. 


Policy approaches in the region