Q: Are there specific country or thematic allocations?

A: Since the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF for Africa) is an implementing tool operating under flexible procedures, there are no specific countries or thematic allocations in order to allow programmes to respond to the evolving migratory or conflict dynamics in each region.

Q: What is the added-value of the EUTF for Africa?

A: The EUTF for Africa (i) ensures a more integrated and coordinated response to the different drivers and dynamics of irregular migration; (ii) is an implementing tool delivering at a faster pace than other instruments; (iii) allows for a platform for reinforced political dialogue between the EU and African partner countries; (iv) allows to pool together experience, knowledge and financial resources from different stakeholders; and (v) complements existing EU efforts to tackle the root causes of irregular migration and forced displacement.

Q: What are the eligibility criteria for programmes funded under the EUTF for Africa?

A:  There is not a list of eligibility criteria, however in evaluating programme proposals, Trust Fund Managers consider a number of criteria including (i) the adherence to the strategic orientations and the operational frameworks of the EUTF for Africa, (ii) the design of the proposed programme, (iii) the relevance, feasibility, sustainability and cost-effectiveness of the proposal; and (iv) the operational and financial experience and capacity of the potential implementers.

Q: How are EUTF for Africa programmes identified and formulated?

A: The EUTF for Africa applies a bottom-up approach for the identification and formulation of project proposal. Proposals are identified and developed by the Commission (EUTF for Africa Managers) through a consultative process at Headquarters and country level. These consultations  include national governments and a range of different stakeholders, including civil society representatives, local authorities, as well as Trust Fund  partners and donors as well as international organisations present in the country or region. Formal and informal consultations among the concerned services of the Commission and the EEAS are a key element of the formulation phase of EUTF for Africa programmes. 

Q: How are programmes’ implementers selected?

A: The EUTF for Africa is a politically sensitive implementing tool, which requires a   great level of flexibility. There no specific criteria for the selection of  implementing entities. Trust Fund Managers and EU Delegations select the most appropriate implementer based on the nature of the programme and the level of knowledge and experience required to implement any given programme or component of a programme. For each programme, more than one implementer may be selected.

Actions are implemented by different categories of implementers including EU Member States’ development agencies, international and local NGOs and international or UN agencies. The Constitutive Agreement of the EUTF for Africa identifies delegated cooperation with EU Member States agencies as the main implementation modality. However, other implementation modalities are applied, namely calls of proposals, calls for expression of interest or budget support.

Q: Can civil society actors submit proposals to be funded by the EUTF for Africa?

A: Civil society organizations (CSOs) may submit specific programme proposals through calls of proposals and/or calls for expression of interest which are normally published on the EUTF for Africa website. CSOs may  play a key role in the identification  and implementation of programmes either alone or in collaboration with other implementers,  and are welcome to share their analyses and research findings or to participate in consultations and information sessions organized by the EUTF for Africa teams.

Q: How are civil society organizations (CSOs) involved enough in the EUTF for Africa?  

A: As of the end of 2018, 18 % of the amount contracted is directly implemented by international and local CSOs. CSOs may also benefit from funding through contracts signed with Member states implementing agencies or international organisations, therefore the amount of funding implemented directly or indirectly is actually higher.

Q: What are the mechanisms set in place to ensure effective monitoring and evaluation of actions funded under the EUTF?

A: The Commission is putting in place an operational and common monitoring system for the EUTF for Africa.

To measure the collective achievements of its programs, the EUTF for Africa has developed a set of 41 common output indicators for the aggregation of output results against EUTF strategic objectives. The common Monitoring & Evaluation system provides an overview of the results achieved so far across the three regions and complements the monitoring frameworks for each projects as well as the regular tools used by the European Commission such as Results-Oriented missions (ROM), which consist of short visits by independent experts who assess the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of selected programmes.

Through the MLS of the Horn of Africa and the Sahel and Lake Chad, the EUTF for Africa provides technical support to programme managers in Headquarters and EU Delegations, as well as to implementing partners, in their efforts to monitor progress based on selected output indicators. The Monitoring and Evaluation System for the North of Africa Window (MENOA) was conceived as a framework linking all funded projects consistently to the strategic objectives and priorities of the EUTF for Africa. In the Horn of Africa region, and soon in the Sahel and the North of Africa window, an exhaustive quarterly report presenting available results on ongoing programmes with a great level of details is made available to the public.

Moreover, a mid-term review of the EUTF for Africa was launched in January 2019 and its outcome will be presented at the beginning of 2020.

EUTF teams will also continue collecting best practices resulting from individual projects including through mid-term and final evaluations, ad hoc studies, and Results-Oriented Monitoring (ROM reports).

Finally, the three operational windows of the EUTF for Africa have elaborated a joint Risk Assessment Register available on line: .

Q: How is country ownership respected in the EUTF for Africa?

A:  The EUTF for Africa was established with the full agreement of African partners at the Valletta Summit on Migration in November 2015. The governance structure of the EUTF for Africa recognizes a substantive role to African partners and regional organizations as they are granted an observer role in the Strategic Board and the Operational Committees, which allows them to participate in policy and strategic discussion and to express their views on programs presented for approval at the Operational Committee. Moreover, partner countries governments and local stakeholders, including local authorities, are part of the wide consultative process at country level leading to the identification and formulation of project proposals.