Mobility and Transport

Clean transport, Urban transport

Overview of the guidance

Overview of the guidance

Background

There are many existing resources available to support the process of implementing cycling infrastructure and associated measures, which have been developed with EU co-funding, prepared at the national level or by other stakeholders within Europe. With such a choice, it is often not clear where city practitioners should start, which guidance is most appropriate or most comprehensive, and what to do in the case of conflicting recommendations. See also EU Funded Cycle Projects.

Guidance for European cities

This Commission guidance on cycling projects in the EU binds together existing advice into a single, coherent and universal online guidance resource that enables users to identify the most relevant information for their situation.

It should be noted that there is no one-size-fits-all approach and experience and measures are not always directly transferable. For example, a best-practice example from a Western European country may not be appropriate for implementation in an Eastern European country, and vice versa. The guidance attempts to address this issue by recognising the differences between city characteristics and providing clearly relatable examples from a wide range of case study cities.

Guidance is also provided on the selection of cycling measures depending on a range of considerations for applicability – see Selecting cycle measures for your city - Further considerations for applicability.

Case Study Cities

A set of twenty city case studies support this guidance by providing illustrative real-world examples of cycling measure implementation in different contexts. As well as giving concrete examples of best practice, they also demonstrate how barriers have been overcome. Case study cities have been used in the guidance to consider how city characteristics may influence the level and type of action needed to promote and support cycling, and potential success of selected cycling measures.

The twenty case study cities have good geographical coverage across Europe and include a range of city sizes and levels of cycling development.

The cities involved and a summary of their high-level characteristics are outlined below:

City (Member State)

EU Location

Size (population)

Level of cycling development/Cycling mode share 

Agueda (PT)

Southern/Mediterranean

Small Urban Area

Starter (2%)

Berlin (DE)

North/North West

Metropolis

Climber (13%)

Bolzano (IT)

Southern/Mediterranean

Medium Urban Area

Champion (28%)

Bregenz (AT)

North/North West

Small Urban Area

Champion (20%)

Brighton (UK)

North/North West

Medium Urban Area

Starter (5%)

Brussels (BE)

North/North West

Larger Urban Area

Starter (3%)

Budapest (HU)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Metropolis

Starter (2%)

Burgas (BU)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Medium Urban Area

Climber (8%)

Copenhagen (DK)

North/North West

Larger Urban Area

Champion (30%)

Gdansk (PO)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Larger Urban Area

Climber (6%)

Hradec Kralove (CZ)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Small Urban Area

Climber (17%)

Košice (SK)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Medium Urban Area

Starter (3%)

La Rochelle (FR)

Southern/Mediterranean

Medium Urban Area

Climber (10%)

Ljubljana (SL)

Southern/Mediterranean

Large Urban Area

Climber (10%)

Malmö (SE)

North/North West

Large Urban Area

Champion (22%)

Nijmegen (NL)

North/North West

Medium Urban Area

Champion (24%)

Seville (ES)

Southern/Mediterranean

Larger Urban Area

Climber (6%)

Slatina (RO)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Small Urban Area

Starter (0.7%)

Tallinn (EE)

Baltics/Eastern/Central

Large Urban Area

Starter (4%)

Trikala (GR)

Southern/Mediterranean

Small Urban Area

Champion (20%)

How to use this guidance

For an overview of the full contents of this guidance, please see Guidance for Cycling Projects in the EU. The contents list on the homepage can be used to select topics of interest.

The guidance uses web-enabled links to direct the user to the most appropriate sections.

On each page, the user will also find links to key guidance, further reading and references.