Mobility and Transport

Clean transport, Urban transport

2.1 Cycle parking

2.1 Cycle parking


Bicycle parking is an important part of facilitating cycling in a city as it provides a secure and convenient location for people to leave their bicycles in an organised fashion.

Considerations for applicability

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Level of cycling

Some form of bicycle parking is needed, even where levels of cycling are very low. The higher the level of actual or planned cycling, the more cycle parking will be needed.

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Urban layout/topography

There is an indirect relationship between topography and the need for cycle parking. The hilly topography of a city can limit the appeal of cycling and if this barrier is not overcome by a high level of electric bike use, it will also restrict the amount of cycle parking that is needed.

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If cycling within a city is particularly popular with tourists and/or students, or the city wants to promote cycling to these groups, it will be important to provide cycle parking at locations where these groups are likely to need to leave their bicycles.

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Finance Resources

The level of finance needed to install cycle parking depends on the extent of the parking facilities. Finance will also be needed to plan the location and maintain the parking facilities.

A few simple bike racks, with no additional features, might cost a few €100. A secure cycle parking facility with a few hundred cycle parking spaces could cost €1 million, with annual maintenance costs in the €10,000s. Larger facilities will cost more. At the extreme, it has been estimated that the cost of implementing the measures set out in Copenhagen's Priority Plan for Bicycle Parking is between €80 and €360 million.​

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Time & Human Resources

The time and human resources needed for installing a cycle parking facility will vary according to the size of the facility, ranging from a few hours to months. The extent of the time and resources needed for planning the installation of a measure will also vary depending on its scale and location. Stakeholders will need to be engaged with, although which stakeholders and the extent of this engagement will depend on the location and extent of the cycle parking being planned. It may also take time to obtain the necessary funding if external sources of funding are being used.

If it forms part of an integrated approach to promoting cycling in a city, the planning and the installation of cycle parking could be undertaken as part of a larger project.

Measure impact highlight

Warning sign - safety Security

People who cycle in a city need to have confidence that their bicycle will still be where they left it after they have finished their work, education or other daily business. Hence, the provision of infrastructure for short-term parking and secure facilities in which they can leave their bicycle for longer time periods, are important.    

Note: An overview of the direct and indirect impacts resulting from correctly implemented cycling measures is available in Challenges that cities face and how cycling can address them

In-depth measure analysis, case studies and further guidance