Mobility and Transport

Clean transport, Urban transport

1.9 Multimodal integration

1.9 Multimodal integration

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Multi-modal integration enables and encourages travellers to combine two or more forms of transport to complete their journey. In this factsheet, multi-modal integration refers to the integration of cycling with additional forms of transport.

Considerations of applicability

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Level of cycling

Multi-modal integration may be implemented by cities with all levels of cycling. Cycling can be encouraged as the first/last mile solution on journeys when combined with public transport. All passenger transport users stand to benefit from most of the adaptations required and so this measure is suitable for implementation at any stage of cycling mode share. 

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Urban layout/topography

Multimodal integration is likely to be beneficial in cities where citizens typically undertake longer journeys to reach their destination, or where the hilly terrain discourages residents and commuters from cycling for their entire journey. 

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Multimodal integration can increase the accessibility of public transport nodes and urban destinations for all population groups, including the elderly, commuters, students, children and tourists. 

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Finance resources

The financial cost of multi-modal integration depends on the extent of changes required, which can include the provision of bicycle parking, storage for bicycle on public transport vehicles, single ticketing solutions and the provision of information on integrating cycling with public transport journeys.

The Brighton Cycle Hub cost £1.5 million to implement and offers secure bicycle storage and other amenities within the main railway station.

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Time & human resources

It will be necessary to trial any form of new ticketing system and the installation of new ticketing machines may be required, increasing the cost of this measure. Alternatively, standardising ticketing for public transport may lead to longer-term economies of scale.

Measure impact highlight

3 way arrow representing accessibility Accessibility

Multi-modal integration can greatly assist with the accessibility of a city by making it easier to switch between transport modes during a single journey. Provision of a single ticketing system will further improve the convenience of using multiple modes.

Note: An overview of the direct and indirect impacts resulting from correctly implemented cycling measures is available in Challenges that cities face and how cycling can address them.

In-depth measure analysis, case studies and further guidance

[1] Brighton & Hove City Council , New Cycle Hub at Brighton Station (2015), available at:;(accessed Januray 2019)

[2] Cyclepods website, Homepage, available at: (accessed Januray 2019)

[3] Cyclepods website, Brighton cycle hun case study, available at: (accessed Januray 2019)