Mobility and Transport

Social issues

Social issues

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What do we want to achieve ?

Infographic: Creating jobs: Transport provides work for millions of Europeans  

- 1 in 20 jobs in the EU in the transport sector

- Only 22 % of transport wokers are women

- A third of all transport workers are over 50 years old

On 4 June 2015, Commissioner for transport Violeta Bulc and Commissioner for employment Marianne Thyssen organised a Conference on a social Agenda for transport to discuss the most pressing issues:

  • How to make transport professions more attractive? How to adapt qualification and training needs to new technologies and to new types of jobs?
  • What more can be done to improve employment and working conditions in the transport sector?
  • What can be done to further strengthen the involvement of social partners in the EU transport policy?

On 19 April and 21 April 2016, two additional workshops took place which reflected on ways to attract more women to the transport sector. The first took place at the Transport Research Arena in Warsaw. The second , organised jointly by Commissioner Violeta Bulc and Commissioner Vera Jourova, in charge of gender equality, gathered women with concrete experience as transport workers, company representatives at the managerial level and human resources departments, social partners, representatives from training institutes, civil society, sociologists/psychologists, representatives from some Member States' transport administrations, and Members of the European Parliament and the Economic and Social Committee in Brussels. They jointly reflected on possible concrete actions. Following these events, a broader consultation will be launched. 

At the Transport Research Arena, a second workshop took place on 20 April on how to match Academia and the job market. It focused on issues and actions for better educational and research opportunities in the transport field in Europe, in order to match the future professional needs in the job market.


Social issues in transport

Road: social provisions

Aviation: social dimension

Maritime: social agenda for Maritime Transport

Inland waterways: social dimension

Gender equality

Opinion of the European Economic and Social Committee 1st July 2015 on “Women and transport”

Social partners joint recommendations and guidelines:

Sectoral social dialogue


The Transport Research and Innovation Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS) monitors the implementation and effectiveness of the roadmaps developed by the Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA). TRIMIS analyses technology trends, research and innovation capacities and developments in the European transport sector, providing open-access information.

Horizontal social issues

Employment and education

Eures (European Job Mobility Portal)


EU pillar of social rights

European Platform tackling undeclared work

EU labour law and social security matters

Labour law

EU social security coordination

Practical Guide "The applicable legislation in the EU, EEA and in Switzerland", social Europe”

Practice guide on Jurisdiction and applicable law in international disputes between the employee and the employer

Gender equality


Business case to increase female employment in transport - Executive summary (2019)

Study on employment and working conditions of aircrews in the EU internal aviation market (2019)

Making the EU transport sector attractive to future generations (2017)

Study to evaluate the effectiveness of the European Works Councils in the transport sector - Executive summary (2015)

Study on employment and working conditions in air transport and airports (2015)

Future employment in transport - Analysis of labour supply and demand (2014)