Mobility and Transport

Rail

The Orient - East Med Corridor

The Orient - East Med Corridor

Corridor description

The Orient - East Med Corridor railway, included in the Core Network Corridor (OEM CNC), is over 5,800 Km long and crosses 8 countries: Germany, Czechia, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Greece.

The OEM Corridor connects the maritime interfaces of the North, Baltic, Black and Mediterranean Seas, which allows for the optimal use of the ports concerned.

The MED CNC includes the following sections:

  • Hamburg – Berlin
  • Rostock – Berlin – Dresden
  • Bremerhaven/Wilhelmshaven – Magdeburg – Dresden
  • Dresden – Ústí nad Labem – Melnik/Praha - Kolin
  • Kolin – Pardubice – Brno – Wien/Bratislava – Budapest – Arad – Timişoara – Craiova – Calafat – Vidin – Sofia
  •  Sofia – Plovdiv – Burgas
  • Plovdiv – TR border
  • Sofia – Thessaloniki – Athina – Piraeus – Lemesos – Lefkosia
  • Athina – Patra/Igoumenitsa

ERTMS deployment on the corridor

There are 5,850.82 km where ERTMS is expected to be deployed in the OEM corridor by 2030, 10% of which are already in operation with ETCS, 50% in operation with GSM-R, ETCS under construction in 34% of the length and GSM-R in 24%. Both the ETCS and GSM-R deployment rates are quite low, considering the long-term (2030).

Defining the short term deployment as the length to be deployed by 2023 according to the EDP (5,850.82 km), 21% is in operation while 67% is still under construction. The percentage to be deployed by 2023 in the OEM is relatively low.

Austria is the most advanced Member State in terms of deployment in the OEM corridor with 56% of the length to be deployed by 2023 already in operation and the rest under construction. In Romania, all the lines to be deployed by 2023 are delayed, and no section has been put into operation yet. In Hungary, all the sections to be deployed by 2023 are delayed, but even with the delay they are planned to be operational by 2023, and in Greece, the entire length to be operational by 2023 is under construction. Bulgaria and Czechia are progressing well in ETCS deployment, with 36% and 42% of their respective lengths planned to be operational by 2023 already in operation. Finally, Slovakia is in the most challenging situation as none of the sections to be deployed by 2023 is under construction. Budapest – Curtici is delayed from 2018 to 2021 or later on the Hungarian side, while Curtici – Arad is delayed on the Romanian side. RO/BG border - Calafat is also delayed from 2018 to 2025.