Mobility and Transport


Ex-post Evaluation of the Single European Sky (SES) Performance and Charging Schemes

Ex-post Evaluation of the Single European Sky (SES) Performance and Charging Schemes

Ex-post Evaluation of the Single European Sky (SES) Performance and Charging Schemes
Consultation period: 

Consultation period: 7/06/2016 – 4/09/2016

Published results (anonymised)

Consultation period

This consultation will last for 12 weeks. Questionnaires should be returned by 4 September 2016 at the very latest.


The Performance Scheme is a key element of the Single European Sky (SES) initiative. The SES performance scheme, which was first introduced in 2009, sets Union-wide performance targets binding on Member States as of 2012 at local and regional level for fixed reference periods of 3 – 5 years in four key performance areas (KPAs): safety, environment (flight efficiency), capacity (delay) and cost-efficiency. The scheme aims to deliver better air navigation services (ANS), leading to more direct routes, fewer delays, and the saving of unnecessary costs for airspace users and passengers while maintaining or improving existing high levels of safety. The costs of ANS, including Eurocontrol costs and national oversight costs are paid by airspace users through user charges. The SES performance scheme is therefore closely linked to the SES charging scheme, which regulates the calculation of user charges on the basis of the cost-efficiency performance targets.

Under the performance scheme, Union-wide targets for the first reference period (RP1, from 2012 – 2014) and for the second reference period (RP2, 2015-2019) are listed in the table below:





No Union-wide targets on safety.

Union-wide targets are set at achieving high levels of effectiveness of safety management and full application of the severity classification based on the Risk Analysis Tool methodology by 2019.


Reduction of the en route air traffic management delay to 0,5 minute per flight for the whole year 2014

Reduction of the en route air traffic management delay to 0,5 minutes per flight for each year


Reduction of -0,75% of the route extension in 2014 compared to 2009

Reduction of the average horizontal en route flight inefficiency for the last filed flight plan trajectory to 4,1% and for the actual trajectory to 2,6%


Reduction of the average EU-wide determined unit cost for en route ANS from € 59,97 in 2011 to € 53,92 in 2014 (expressed in real terms per service unit), with intermediate annual values of € 57,88 in 2012 and € 55,87 in 2013.

Setting the average Union-wide determined unit cost for en route air navigation services as defined in point 4.1 (a) of section 1 of Annex I to Implementing Regulation (EU) No 390/2013, expressed in real terms EUR2009, of EUR 56.64 for 2015, EUR 54.95 for 2016, EUR 52.98 for 2017, EUR 51.00 for 2018, and EUR 49.10 for 2019. This corresponds to an annual reduction of -3,3% in the determined unit cost of en-route ANS.

For the implementation of the SES performance scheme, the Commission is assisted by the Performance Review Body (PRB). The PRB produces regular reports, including on the annual monitoring of the performance achievements during the reference period.

Objectives of the consultation

This open public consultation is part of the process to support the European Commission with an independent evaluation of the SES performance and charging schemes. In the frame of the present evaluation, a public consultation will ensure that all stakeholders (airspace user or relevant groups representing airspace users, air navigation service providers, professional staff representative bodies, manufacturing industry, airport operators or bodies acting on their behalf, National Supervisory Authorities, military authorities, etc.), as well as any interested citizen, have the opportunity to provide the Commission with their views and opinion on the implementation and continued policy relevance of the SES performance and charging schemes. The consultation also aims to gather factual information on what works well and what should be improved.

The scope of the public consultation will broadly cover:

  • Relevance in relation to the identified problem(s) the regulations purport to address, the form of intervention and coverage
  • EU added value compared to what could have been achieved in the absence of EU intervention (i.e. by Member States at the national and/or regional level).
  • Effectiveness of the performance and charging schemes
  • Efficiency in relation to the costs incurred and benefits achieved and/or expected

Inputs from this written consultation will be taken into account when preparing the final report of the ex-post evaluation support study, due in December 2016.

In addition to the public consultation, a more targeted and in-depth survey questionnaire will be launched in May 2016, which aims at covering the elements not addressed by the present consultation and the annual monitoring and review reports produced by the PRB. Respondents to the public consultation will be given the opportunity to indicate their interest to take part in this targeted survey consultation.

The outcome of the ex-post evaluation will contribute to the revision of the SES performance and charging schemes for the third reference period (RP3, 2020-2025).

Questions and answers

Contributions may be submitted in any official EU language.

To facilitate dissemination of views, you may consider submitting your contribution, or a summary thereof, in the English language. The responder information and multiple choice questions are required. If any of the corresponding mandatory fields have not been filled in, the system will redirect you to the incomplete answer before allowing submission.

Report on results

Following the public consultation, a report will be made publicly available on the website.

Published results (anonymised)

PDF icon Copy of the questionnaire

Important notice

As part of the European Transparency Initiative, organisations are invited to use the Register of interest representatives to provide the European Commission and the public at large with information about their objectives, funding and structures. If you are not registered yet in this register, please visit:


Please note that this document has been drafted for information and consultation purposes only. It has not been adopted or in any way approved by the European Commission and should not be regarded as representative of the views of Commission staff. It does not in any way prejudge, or constitute the announcement of, any position on the part of the Commission on the issues covered. The European Commission does not guarantee the accuracy of the information provided, nor does it accept responsibility for any use made thereof.