Current portal location

Website content

Negotiations and agreements

The EU has in place, or is negotiating, trade agreements with countries and regions around the world.

Agreements in focus

EU-Vietnam

Factsheets, Vietnamese trade in your town, texts of the agreements, exporters' stories

EU-New Zealand Trade Agreement

Factsheets, impact assessment, exporters' stories

EU-Australia Trade Agreement

Factsheets, exporters' stories

EU-Singapore

Factsheets, Singapore trade in your town, texts of the agreements, exporters' stories

EU-Mexico trade agreement

Factsheets, questions and answers, exporters' stories

EU-Mercosur trade agreement

Factsheet, round reports, impact assessments, exporters' stories

EU-Japan

Negotiated agreement, meetings, factsheets, round reports

EU-Canada agreement (CETA)

Full agreement, exports by EU region, factsheets, help for exporters

Types of EU trade agreement

There are three main types of agreement:

  1. Customs Unions
    • eliminate customs duties in bilateral trade, and;
    • establish a joint customs tariff for foreign importers.
  2. Association Agreements, Stabilisation Agreements, (Deep and Comprehensive) Free Trade Agreements and Economic Partnership Agreements
    • remove or reduce customs tariffs in bilateral trade.
  3. Partnership and Cooperation Agreements
    • provide a general framework for bilateral economic relations, and;
    • leave customs tariffs as they are.

Current state of play

Agreements in place
Albania (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2009
Algeria Association Agreement In force since 2005
Andorra Customs union In force since 1991
Antigua and Barbuda (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Armenia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 1999, negotiations on modernisation began in March 2019, on hold since April 2019
Azerbaijan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 1999, negotiations on modernisation began in 2017, on hold since 2019
Bahamas (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Barbados (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Belize (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2015
Botswana (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
Cameroon (Central Africa) Interim Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2014
Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Provisionally applied since 2017
Chile Association Agreement and Additional Protocol In force since 2003, negotiations on modernisation began in 2017, on hold since 2019
Colombia (with Ecuador and Peru) Trade Agreement Provisionally applied since 2013
Comoros (ESA) Interim Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2019, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Costa Rica (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa) Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2016
Dominica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Dominican Republic (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Ecuador (with Colombia and Peru) Trade Agreement Provisionally applied since 2013
Egypt Association Agreement In force since 2004
El Salvador (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
Eswatini (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
Faroe Islands Agreement In force since 1997
Fiji (Pacific) Interim Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2014
Georgia Association Agreement In force since 2016
Ghana (West Africa) Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement provisionally applied Provisionally applied since 2016
Grenada (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Guatemala (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
Guyana (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Honduras (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
Iceland Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994
Israel Association Agreement In force since 2000
Iraq Partnership and Cooperation Agreement
Provisionally applied since 2012
Jamaica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Japan Global agreement In force since 2019
Jordan Association Agreement In force since 2002
Kazakhstan Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Provisionally applied since 2016
Kosovo * Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2016
Lebanon Association Agreement In force since 2006
Lesotho (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
Liechtenstein Economic Area Agreement In force since 1995
Madagascar (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Mauritius (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Mexico Global Agreement In force since 2000, negotiations on modernisation began in 2016, ‘Agreement in principle’ on the trade part reached in 2018
Moldova Association Agreement In force since 2016
Montenegro (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2010
Morocco Association Agreement In force since 2000, negotiations on modernisation began in 2013, on hold since 2014
Mozambique (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
Namibia (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
Nicaragua (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Provisionally applied since 2013
North Macedonia (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2004
Norway Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994
Palestinian Authority Interim Association Agreement In force since 1997
Papua New Guinea (with Fiji) Interim Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2013
Madagascar (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2009
Peru (with Colombia and Ecuador) Trade Agreement Provisionally applied since 2013
Samoa (Pacific) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2018
San Marino Customs union In force since 1991
Serbia (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2013
Seychelles (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
Singapore Free Trade Agreement In force since 2019
Solomon Islands (Pacific Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2020
South Africa Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionnaly applied since 2016
South Korea Free Trade Agreement In force since 2015
St Kitts and Nevis (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
St Lucia (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
St Vincent and the Grenadines (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Suriname (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Switzerland Agreement In force since 1973
Trinidad and Tobago (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Tunisia Association Agreement In force since 1998, negotiations on modernisation began in 2015, on hold since 2019
Turkey Customs union In force since 1995
Ukraine Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement
Association Agreement
Provisionally applied since 2016
Vietnam Free Trade Agreement In force since 2020
Zimbabwe (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2012, negotiations on modernisation began in 2019
  1. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.
Agreement being adopted or ratified

In some circumstances trade negotiations with a trade partner have been concluded, but have not been either signed or ratified yet. This means that although the negotiations have finished, no part of the agreement is in place yet.

Country (Region) Agreement pending Status
Argentina (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations concluded in June 2019
Benin (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Brazil (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations concluded in June 2019
Burkina Faso (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Burundi (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement
Cabo Verde (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Gambia (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Guinea (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Guinea-Bisseau (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Haiti (CARIFORUM) Preferential trade agreement under adoption/ratification Has not signed or ratified agreement
Kenya (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Signed and ratified, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify
Liberia (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Mali (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Mauritania (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Niger (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Nigeria (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement
Paraguay (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations concluded in June 2019
Rwanda (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, provisional application when all EAC countries sign and ratify
Senegal (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Sierra Leone (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Tanzania (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement
Togo (West Africa) Economic partnership Agreement Signed, awaiting signature from all parties
Uganda (EAC) Economic partnership Agreement Has not signed or ratified agreement
Uruguay (Mercosur) Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations concluded in June 2019
Agreements being negotiated

The EU has trade agreements in place with these countries/regions, but both sides are now negotiating an update.

Country (Region) New agreement being negotiated Status
Australia Australia Agreement Negotiations launched in 2018
China EU-China investment agreement Negotiations launched in 2013
Indonesia Free Trade Agreement Negotiations launched in 2016
New Zealand New Zealand Agreement Negotiations launched in 2018
Philippines Free Trade Agreement Negotiations launched in 2015
Agreements on hold
Country (Region) Agreement Status
Bahrain (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Central African Republic (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Chad (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Congo (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Djibouti (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Equatorial Guinea (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Ethiopia (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Gabon (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
India Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 2007, last round in 2013
Kuwait (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Malawi (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Malaysia Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 2010, paused since 2012
Myanmar Investment protection agreement Negotiations launched in 2015
Oman (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Qatar (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Republic Democratic of Congo (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
São Tomé & Principe (Central Africa) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2003, paused until further notice in 2011
Saudi Arabia (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
Somalia (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Sudan (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011
Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 2013, no negotiations scheduled since 2014
United Arab Emirates (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started in 1990, suspended since 2008
United States Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership  Negotiations started in 2013, paused until further notice in 2016
Zambia (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Negotiations started in 2004, paused until further notice in 2011