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Ukraine

Ukraine

The Association Agreement, including a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Ukraine, was negotiated between 2007 and 2011 and signed on 21 March and 27 June 2014.

The DCFTA has been provisionally applied since 1 January 2016 and the Association Agreement formally entered into force on 1 September 2017 following ratification by all EU Member States.

The Association Agreement is the main tool for bringing Ukraine and the EU closer together: it promotes deeper political ties, stronger economic links and the respect for common values.

The EU granted Autonomous Trade Measures (ATMs) for Ukraine, topping up the concessions included in the Association Agreement/DCFTA for several industrial goods and agricultural products from October 2017 for a period of three years.

Trade picture

  • The EU is Ukraine's largest trading partner, accounting for more than 40% of its trade in 2019. Ukraine is the 18th trading of the EU accounting for around 1,1% of EU's total trade. Total trade between EU and Ukraine reached €43,3 bn in 2019.
  • Ukraine exports to the EU amounted to €19.1 bn in 2019. The main Ukraine exports are raw materials (iron, steel, mining products, agricultural products), chemical products and machinery. This is a considerably increase of 48,5% since 2016.
  • The EU exports to Ukraine amounted to over €24.2 bn in 2019. The main EU exports to Ukraine include machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, and manufactured goods. EU exports to Ukraine have been subject to a similar impressive increase since 2016 of 48,8%.
  • The number of Ukrainian companies exporting to the EU has increased at an impressive rate, from approximately 11,700 in 2015 to over 14,500 in 2019.

EU-Ukraine: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2017-2019, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2017 16.2 19.8 3.6
2018 17.4 21.6 4.1
2019 19.1 24.2 5.1

EU-Ukraine: Trade in services

Trade in services 2016-2018, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2016 2.5 5.4 2.9
2017 2.7 6.6 3.8
2018 2.9 7.1 4.2

EU-Ukraine: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2018, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2018 0.7 19.4 18.7

Unless otherwise mentioned “EU” concerns for all indicated years the current European Union of 27 Member States.

Date of retrieval: 22/04/2020

More statistics on Ukraine

EU and Ukraine

The AA/DCFTA aims to boost trade in goods and services between the EU and Ukraine by gradually cutting tariffs and bringing Ukraine's rules in line with the EU's in certain industrial sectors and agricultural products.

The AA/DCFTA aims to boost trade in goods and services between the EU and Ukraine by gradually cutting tariffs and bringing Ukraine's rules in line with the EU's in certain industrial sectors and agricultural products.

To better integrate with the EU market, Ukraine is harmonising many of its norms and standards in industrial and agricultural products. Ukraine is also aligning its legislation to the EU's in trade-related areas such as:

  • Competition
  • Technical barriers to trade (TBT)
  • Sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS)
  • Customs and trade facilitation
  • Protection of intellectual property rights

The EU has banned the import of goods originating in Crimea and Sevastopol, as well as investments and a number of directly related services there until at least 23 June 2020. This is in line with its policy of not recognising the Russian Federation's illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol.

Committees and Dialogues

The EU and Ukraine meet regularly to discuss issues and best practices when applying the agreement. The committees meet regularly.

Trade Sustainable Development Sub-Committee

2nd meeting – 13 November 2018: Agenda | Joint Statement  

3rd meeting – 6 November 2019: Agenda | Joint Statement  

Follow the link for more info on the implementation of the trade and sustainable development (TSD) in trade agreements – TSD committees and civil society meetings

Association Committee in Trade Configuration

3rd meeting  – 22-23 November 2018: Agenda | Joint Report

Sub-Committee on Geographical Indications

3rd meeting – 15 May 2019: Agenda | Joint Report

Sub-Committee on Customs

3rd meeting-11 July 2019: Agenda | Report

Association Committee in Trade Configuration

4th meeting – 18-19 November 2019: Agenda | Joint Report

Sub-Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary

4th meeting – 18 November 2019: Agenda | Joint Report

Trading with Ukraine