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The relations between the EU and Paraguay are governed by the Framework Cooperation Agreement signed in 1992.

The follow-up of this agreement entails regular meetings of the EU-Paraguay Joint Commission, including on trade matters. This Commission meets normally every 2 years, most recently in Asunción in October 2016.  As a member of Mercosur, Paraguay is also a party to the EU-Mercosur Framework Co-operation Agreement signed in 1995, which includes provisions on trade cooperation.

Paraguay participated fully in the negotiation of an EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

Trade picture

  • Trade and investment between the EU and Paraguay are at relatively modest levels. Bilateral trade in 2020 was worth about EUR 1 billion. EU imports from Paraguay have decreased since 2018 from around EUR 648 million to EUR 417 million in 2020.  EU exports to Paraguay declined slightly over the same period, from EUR 653 million to EUR 592 million.
  • In 2020, the EU was Paraguay's fourth most important trading partner (after Brazil, China and Argentina), accounting for 5.5% of Paraguay’s total trade. EU imports from Paraguay are dominated by agricultural products (85% of total imports from Paraguay into the EU in 2020).
  • EU exports to Paraguay are dominated by manufactured products, in particular machinery and transport equipment (37%) and chemicals (20%) (2020 data).
  • The EU is an important investor in Paraguay. EU Foreign Direct Investment stocks in Paraguay increased were of the value of EUR 900 million in 2019.
  • EU exports of services to Paraguay were of approximately EUR 200 million in 2019, while Paraguay exported services to the EU worth approximately EUR 100 million.

EU-Paraguay: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2018-2020, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2018 0.6 0.7 0.0
2019 0.5 0.6 0.1
2020 0.4 0.6 0.2

EU-Paraguay: Trade in services

Trade in services 2017-2019, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2017 0.1 0.2 0.1
2018 0.1 0.2 0.1
2019 0.1 0.2 0.1

EU-Paraguay: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2019, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2019 -0.0 0.9 0.9

Unless otherwise mentioned “EU” concerns for all indicated years the current European Union of 27 Member States.

Date of retrieval: 12/04/2021

More statistics on Paraguay

EU and Paraguay

The Framework Trade and Economic Cooperation Agreement is managed through periodic meetings of the EU-Paraguay Joint Cooperation Committee, including one part on trade matters. The last Joint Cooperation Committee meeting was held in Asuncion in October 2016.

Although EU-Paraguay trade remains modest in absolute terms, as a member of Mercosur Paraguay is part of an important trading partner for the EU in Latin America. Furthermore, Paraguay has relatively sound public finance and a good growth potential, with IMF estimating a growth rate of 4% in 2021, which makes it attractive for foreign investment.

The EU attaches importance to the fight against illegal trade in pirated goods in the tri-border area between Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil and considers the respect of intellectual property rights a priority. The EU is cooperating with Paraguay in this respect.

Paraguay no longer qualifies for preferential trade treatment under the EU GSP scheme due to its upper middle income status and was removed from the list of GSP beneficiary countries as of 1 January 2019.

Paraguay in Mercosur

Paraguay is as a member of Mercosur. As a member of Mercosur Paraguay participated fully in the  negotiation of the EU-Mercosur Association Agreement.

This Agreement should provide a boost to regional trade integration among the countries of Mercosur and stimulate new opportunities for trade to and from the EU by removing tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade.

More information on Mercosur

Trading with Paraguay