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Cambodia

Cambodia

The EU works closely with Cambodia under the framework of the EU-ASEAN Cooperation Agreement to ensure an effective environment for trade and investment relations.

Cambodia is a member of WTO since 2004 and, as a least developed country, benefits from the EU's Everything But Arms scheme, which grants unilateral duty free, quota free access for all exports, except arms and ammunition.

 

Trade picture

In 2019:

  • Total trade in goods between the two partners equalled € 5.6 billion.
  • The EU ranked as the second biggest trade partner of Cambodia (after China), accounting for 11.9% of the country’s total trade (China 23.6%). Cambodia is the EU’s 54th largest trading partner (accounting for 0.1% of the EU’s total trade).

EU-Cambodia: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2017-2019, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2017 4.0 0.8 -3.2
2018 4.4 0.7 -3.7
2019 4.6 0.9 -3.7

EU-Cambodia: Trade in services

Trade in services 2016-2018, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2016 0.3 0.1 -0.2
2017 0.3 0.1 -0.2
2018 0.4 0.1 -0.2

EU-Cambodia: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2018, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2018 0.1 1.8 1.7

Unless otherwise mentioned “EU” concerns for all indicated years the current European Union of 27 Member States.

Date of retrieval: 22/04/2020

More statistics on Cambodia

EU and Cambodia

As a Least Developed Country (LDC), Cambodia benefits from the most favourable regime available under the EU's Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), namely the Everything But Arms (EBA) scheme.

The EU’s GSP regulation allows vulnerable developing countries to pay fewer or no duties on exports to the EU, giving them vital access to the EU market and contributing to their growth. The EBA scheme is one arm of the GSP, which grants duty-free and quota-free access to the EU for all products (except arms and ammunition) for the world's Least Developed Countries, as defined by the United Nations.

Exports of textiles and footwear, bicycles, prepared foodstuffs and vegetable products (rice) represented 95% of Cambodia's overall exports to the EU in 2019. Out of the total exports, about 98% were eligible to EBA preferential duties.

Cambodia and ASEAN

Cambodia is one of the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). The countries as a group are the EU's third largest trading partners outside Europe, after the US and China.

The ASEAN region is a dynamic market with some 640 million consumers. Cambodia is one of the three LDCs in ASEAN.

The EU co-operates closely with ASEAN as a whole. Co-operation is maintained through the EU-ASEAN Dialogue, which includes discussions on trade and investment issues at ministerial and senior economic official level.

Ensuring better access for EU exporters to the dynamic ASEAN market is a priority for the EU. Negotiations for a region-to-region trade and investment agreement between the EU and ASEAN were launched in 2007 and paused by mutual agreement in 2009 to give way to a bilateral format of negotiations. These bilateral trade and investment agreements were conceived as building blocks towards a future region-to-region agreement.

More information on ASEAN

Trading with Cambodia