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Help for SMEs

The SME Trade Defence Helpdesk supports small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the EU to both protect and enforce their rights against unfair trade practices i.e. dumping and subsidies by non-EU countries.

The Commission has committed to making it easy for SMEs to access trade defence instruments through a dedicated SME helpdesk, providing information about the procedures (Guide for SMEs), and the deadlines applicable in legislation.

As the Commission is also issuing documents like questionnaires to help small companies' participation in the process.  

Defending your business against dumped or subsidised imports

If you are a small business producing in the EU, your company may be harmed by low-priced imports from non-EU countries which are dumped or subsidised.

The European Commission may be able to help you address this unfair competition and take action by using the EU's trade defence instruments.


This process starts with a complaint lodged by European industry with the European Commission, which must contain evidence to support the allegations of dumping or subsidisation

A guide to complaints explains the type of information which must be provided. 


Any complaint must be lodged on behalf of at least 25% of the total EU production of the product which the complaint is about This is called 'standing'. You should contact your representative industry association about this. The European Commission sends a standing form to EU producers to check that these requirements are met.  

To help small businesses in this process a simplified form is used.


The EU opens investigations by publishing a Notice of Initiation in the Official Journal of the EU. This notice sets out the background to the investigation, as well as the important information about deadlines for replying to questionnaires , applying for hearings, etc.

An executive summary of the complaint/request is published on DG Trade's website.

Importing or using a product which may be affected by anti-dumping or anti-subsidy action 

You can participate in the investigation as an interested party. This lets you express your views as to how anti-dumping or anti-subsidy measures might affect your business.

Standard questionnaires are available for :

When the EU launches a trade defence investigation you can choose to be involved, in which case you will be asked to:

  • register with the non-EU authority
  • fill in a questionnaire
  • allow visits to your pre­mises in the case of anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investi­gations 

Search for on-going investigations against EU imports

What to do if your company is accused of exporting dumped or subsidised products outside the EU

If your company is an SME exporting to a non-EU ('third') country, you may be affec­ted by an anti-dumping, anti-subsidy or safeguard action by that country. The European Commission may also be able to guide you through the process.  

The guide to third country investigations has detailed information on what you can do and how to proceed.