Direct taxes - Corporate Income Tax

    Generic part

    Corporate income tax
    Porez na dobit
    HR - Croatia
    HRK
    Date
    Year
    1994
    2019/01/01
    2019/02/06 13:40:38

    Contact information

    Administration

    Service

    Website

    E-mail

    Telephone

    Who sets

    The tax rate is set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    The tax base is set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    The reliefs are set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    Beneficiary

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security
    • Others

    Geographical Scope

    HR - Croatia
    No Yes

    Taxpayers

    Which entities are liable for CIT?

    • Legal persons
    • Organizational units having no legal personality
    • Tax capital groups
    • Associations
    • Foundations
    • Companies having their seat or management office in other countries, provided that in their country they are treated as legal persons and are subject to tax on income
    • Public corporations
    • Others

    Which entities are exempt from CIT?

    Detailed information is available in the "General comments" field.

    Domestic-source income of non-resident entities is

    Taxed
    Not Taxed

    Tax object and basis of assessment

    As general rule, taxable income under corporate income tax includes also

    • Interest
    • Royalties
    • Dividends
    • Capital gains
    • Income from immovable property
    • Income from movable property not listed above
    • Income from agriculture

    Income considered

    Domestic income
    Worldwide income (subject to double-tax relief)

    Deductions, allowances, credits, exemptions

    Valuation of inventory

    • First-in first-out (FIFO)
    • Last-in first-out (LIFO)
    • Average cost
    • Specific identification

    Depreciation rules

    Buildings

    Depreciable
    Not-depreciable
    • Straight-line method
    • Declining balance
    • Production method
    • Combination of above
    • Other
    20 Years
    5 %

    Other fixed immovable assets (e.g. machinery)

    Depreciable
    Not-depreciable
    • Straight-line method
    • Declining balance
    • Production method
    • Combination of above
    • Other
    4 Years
    25 %

    Movable (tangible) assets (e.g. cars, furniture, work equipment)

    Depreciable
    Not-depreciable
    • Straight-line method
    • Declining balance
    • Production method
    • Combination of above
    • Other
    4 Years
    25 %

    Intangible assets (e.g. patents)

    Depreciable
    Not-depreciable
    • Straight-line method
    • Declining balance
    • Production method
    • Combination of above
    • Other
    4 Years
    25 %

    Land (if any)

    Depreciable
    Not-depreciable
    • Straight-line method
    • Declining balance
    • Production method
    • Combination of above
    • Other

    Are there limits to interest deductions (other than thin capital rules)?

    No Yes
    For determination of the income from interest on loans granted by associated persons, the minimum calculated interest rate shall be the rate which would apply to non-associated persons. This interest rate shall be determined and published by the finance minister.

    Is there an Allowance for Corporate Equity?

    No Yes

    Exemptions from taxable income

    No Yes
    • Income from participations (dividends)
    • Patents income (e.g. patent boxes)
    • Other, please describe

    Expenses that are generally not deductible:

    Expenditure that are not directly related to profit earning, the costs of forced collection of tax and other levies, fines imposed by competent bodies, penalty interest accumulated between associated persons, etc.

    Losses

    Loss carry-forward exists?

    No Yes
    • Indefinite
    5 Years

    Loss carry-backward exists?

    No Yes
    • Indefinite

    Tax credits available?

    No Yes
    • For research and development investments
    • For training
    • Other, please describe:
    1. To the taxpayers pursuing their business activities in the areas supported the units of local self-government and area of the city of Vukovar.
    2. For investment to projects in: manufacturing and processing activities, development and innovation activities, Business support activities, high added value services.

    Rate(s) Structure

    18 %
    18 %

    Special tax rate for SMEs

    No Yes

    Measures against profit shifting

    Do Thin Capitalization (TC) rules exist?

    No Yes
    • Explicit TC law
    • Part of CIT law
    • Arm’s length
    • Ratio
    4 : 1
    Loan balance
    Equity
    Internal
    Internal and external

    TC depends on shareholding?

    No Yes
    25 %
    Direct
    Indirect

    Automatic remedy

    No Yes
    • Non-deductibility of interest
    • Reclassification as dividend
    All companies
    Foreign companies
    Non-EU companies

    Transfer pricing rules exists?

    No Yes
    No Yes
    • Fee
    • Tax base increase

    Special features

    Is group taxation available?

    No Yes

    Is there a specific anti-avoidance provision in the legislation?

    No Yes

    International aspects

     
    Treaty countries
    Non-treaty countries
    Repatriated profits are taxed according to the following system
    • Exemption system
    • Tax credit
    • Deduction
    • Exemption system
    • Tax credit
    • Deduction
    Interest received is taxed
    No Yes
    No Yes
    Tax rate on interest received
    18 %
    18 %
    Outgoing dividends withholding tax
    12 %
    12 %
    Outgoing royalty payments withholding tax
    15 %
    15 %
    Outgoing interest payments withholding tax
    15 %
    15 %
    Foreign losses (of either subsidiaries or permanent establishments) can be set-off
    No Yes
    No Yes
    If yes :
    Minimum direct or indirect shareholding to qualify loss-offset (if applicable)
    Loss carry-forward exists?
    No Yes
    No Yes
    If yes :
    Time limit
    • Indefinite
    • Indefinite
    Size limit
    Loss carry-backward exists?
    No Yes
    No Yes
    If yes :
    Time limit
    • Indefinite
    • Indefinite
    Size limit
    Controlled foreign company (CFC-) rules exist?
    No Yes
    No Yes
    If yes :
    Time limit:
    • Indefinite
    • Indefinite
    Size limit
    Threshold for capital or voting power held directly or indirectly by resident in non-resident company:
    CFC-rules apply if foreign tax rate is lower than:
    CFC-rules apply for passive income only?
    No Yes
    No Yes

    Tax due date

    When has the tax return to be filed

    • 3 months after closing of the tax period
    • 6 months after closing of the tax period
    • Later than 6 months after closing of the tax period
    • Date set by the Authority
    • Other
    • Extensions of the deadline are possible

    Advance tax payments due?

    No Yes
    • Monthly
    • Quarterly
    • Bi-annual
    • Annual
    • Other

    Tax collector

    General comments

    Economic function

    • Consumption
    • Labour Employed (paid by employers and employees)
    • Labour Non-employed
    • Capital income: corporations
    • Capital income: income of households
    • Capital income: income of self-employed
    • Capital stocks

    Environmental taxes

    • Energy
    • Transport
    • Pollution/resources

    Tax revenue

    d51b
    Year Annual tax revenue (in millions) % of GDP % of total tax revenue -

    Footnotes