Taxation and Customs Union


Environmental taxes slightly decreased as a percentage of GDP in 2017 – Commission report

The European Commission’s taxation trends report shows tax revenues from environmental and energy taxes remained stable in the EU over the last decade according to a new report on taxation trends published by the Commission today. That said, environmental taxes did decrease slightly in 2017 to less than 2,5% of GDP. 

Energy taxes - the main component of environmental taxes - accounted for less than 2% of GDP in terms of tax revenues in that year. Other tax revenues in the EU as a percentage of GDP have continued their upward trend since 2009. In 2017, tax revenues in the EU accounted for 39% of the GDP, almost 2 percentage points more than in 2009. Also in 2017, the tax revenue to GDP ratio increased in 16 Member States compared to 2016. The report, published annually, also contains data on consumption, labour, capital and property taxation, plus rates for personal and corporate income taxes in each EU Member State. 

Download the report here.