Taxation and Customs Union

Customs are business friendly

The Union Customs Code aims to maintain a proper balance between customs controls and facilitation of legitimate trade, so as to enable the EU to prosper and develop competitive business.

Business operators

To be able to carry out commercial activities related to importing and exporting goods (in the role of a consignee, declarant or representative), business operators have to register in the Economic Operators Identification and Registration system (EORI). At the end of 2017 there were 5.6 million entities registered so far in the EORI system.

At the end of 2018 there were 6.1 million entities registered so far in the EORI system.

Authorised Economic Operators (AEO)

An important instrument for trade facilitation is the Authorised Economic Operator (AEO) regime. AEO status is given a more favorable treatment in the areas of customs simplification and facilitation. At the end of 2018, there were almost 17,200 valid AEO authorisations in the EU. AEOs are playing an increasingly important role in the supply chain in terms of the number of goods declared.

Import : 64% AEO and 36% Non-AEO ; Export : 82% AEO and 18% Non-AEO ; Transit : 47% AEO and 53% Non-AEO

DG Taxation and Customs Union

Paperless environment

The electronic systems are crucial for the operation of the Customs Union. The replacement of paper format customs procedures with EU wide electronic ones creates a more efficient and modern customs environment. In 2017, EU traders submitted more than 99% of customs declarations electronically. They will be able to use customs electronic system for other elements of their business operations soon, in line with ongoing implementation of the Union Customs Code electronic system. The speed of the customs clearance process is very high. Vast majority of import declarations under standard procedure is cleared within 1 hour.

 

The vast majority of import declarations under standard procedure is cleared within 1 hour (91.7%)

DG Taxation and Customs Union

Simplifications

Simplifications enable business operators to perform customs procedures faster and more efficiently. This reduces the administrative burden and costs.

At the end of 2018, almost 36,000 valid authorisations for the use of simplified procedures at import and export apply. The majority of imports and exports were declared by using simplified procedures in 2018.

Furthermore, at the end of 2018, there were:

  • Almost 25,000 authorised consignors or consignees for transit;
  • Almost 1300 single authorisations for all economic customs regimes;
  • More than 12,000 authorisations for the use of customs warehouses.

Declared under standard procedure (28.77%) and Declaraded under simplifications (65.57%) - that's concerns over 776 millions items in 2018

DG Taxation and Customs Union