Customs relations and cooperation between the EU and Japan are part of the EU's overall political and economic relations with that country.
The Strategic Partnership Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Japan, of the other part contains a number of economic and trade cooperation rules, including general provisions on:
The European Union has finalised negotiations for the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) with Japan. The remaining formalities are expected to be done in time for the agreement to become effective as soon as 1 February 2019.
For Customs, the following Chapters are relevant:
The full text of the Agreement can be found here
To implement Section B of Chapter 3 on Origin Procedures, the following Guidance documents have been developed:
The customs cooperation between the EU and Japan is based on the Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Administrative Assistance in Customs Matters that entered into force on 1 February 2008.
The Decision on the mutual recognition of authorised economic operators (AEOs) entered into force on 24 May 2011. Since then, both EU and Japanese AEOs have enjoyed trade facilitation benefits in the partner countries.
Read the Decision
Read the communication
Japan is the EU’s second-biggest trading partner in Asia after China.