EORI stands for “Economic Operators Registration and Identification number”.
Businesses and people wishing to trade must use the EORI number as an identification number in all customs procedures when exchanging information with Customs administrations.
Having one common type of identification number across the EU is more efficient, both for economic operators and customs authorities.
It is also more efficient for statistical purposes and security purposes.
The EORI number exists out of two parts:
Any economic operator established in the EU needs an EORI number. Economic operators from non-EU countries also need an EORI for a number of different situations.
It is irrelevant if the economic operator is a company (legal person) or a natural person.
EU economic operators should send their application to the customs authorities of the EU country in which they are established.
All EORI numbers can be checked in the EORI online database.