Taxation and Customs Union

Economic Operators Registration and Identification number (EORI)

What is an EORI number?

EORI stands for “Economic Operators Registration and Identification number”.

Businesses and people wishing to trade must use the EORI number as an identification number in all customs procedures when exchanging information with Customs administrations.

Having one common type of identification number across the EU is more efficient, both for economic operators and customs authorities.

It is also more efficient for statistical purposes and security purposes.

Format of the EORI number

The EORI number exists out of two parts:

  • the country code; followed by
  • a code or number that is unique in the member state

Who needs an EORI number?

Any economic operator established in the EU needs an EORI number. Economic operators from non-EU countries also need an EORI for a number of different situations.

For example:

It is irrelevant if the economic operator is a company (legal person) or a natural person.

How can you apply for an EORI number?

EU economic operators should send their application to the customs authorities of the EU country in which they are established.

Checking an EORI number

All EORI numbers can be checked in the EORI online database.

Related links

e-learning course on EORI