Taxation and Customs Union

Environmental requirements

 

Endangered species

The EU Wildlife Trade Regulations implement CITES in the Union and provide a list of endangered species for which the international trade is restricted. The control is based on a system of permits or notifications for imports, exports and re-exports.
For further information see “The EU and Trade in wild fauna and flora”.

 

Timber products

Illegal logging is a global problem with significant negative economic, environmental and social impacts. The FLEGT Action Plan aims at fighting illegal logging and the associated trade. The FLEGT Regulation allows for controlling timber released into the EU from countries that have signed FLEGT Voluntary Partnership Agreements (VPA) with the EU. The control is based on a system of licenses certifying the legality of the shipments.

The European Commission, in cooperation with Member States experts, has prepared guidelines to support customs in the implementation of the FLEGT Regulation.

 

Fishery products

The IUU Regulation lays down the EU rules to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing. Only marine fishery products validated as legal by a catch certificate can be imported to or exported from the EU. Further information can be found at Illegal fishing (IUU).

 

Waste

Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006 on shipments of waste (EU WSR) lays down requirements for shipments of waste both within the EU and between the EU and third countries, targeting import, export and transit movement. Under the EU WSR, customs authorities are explicitly tasked with a control function on transboundary shipments of waste entering, leaving or transiting through the EU.

The European Commission, in cooperation with Member States experts, has prepared guidelines to support customs in the implementation and enforcement of the EU WSR.

A specific cooperation has also been initiated with customs authorities of China regarding the transboundary shipments of waste between the EU and China.

 

Chemicals

Different pieces of legislation apply to chemical products, with the objective of protecting human health and the environment.  Chemical legislations cover substances that can be found in mixtures or articles, having therefore an impact on a wide range of products at the EU border.

Further information can be found on-line: