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Taxation and Customs Union

Safety, health and the environment: customs controls

The role of customs

Customs check products entering or leaving the EU, implementing a wide range of legislations.

Sanitary and phytosanitary requirements

EU legislation lays down a set of rules to tackle animal, plant and public health threats.

Environmental requirements

Customs enforce legislation designed to protect the global environment.

Product safety requirements

Customs controls at the borders, prevent unsafe or non-compliant products from entering the EU market.

Organic farming and medicines

Specific requirements apply for medicines for human use and organic products.

Cooperation between Member States

The European Commission supports cooperation between Member States thanks to several expert groups.